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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 175–184 | Cite as

Cognitive functions in low-grade gliomas: disease and treatment effects

  • Denise D. CorreaEmail author
  • Lisa M. DeAngelis
  • Weiji Shi
  • Howard T. Thaler
  • Michael Lin
  • Lauren E. Abrey
CLINICAL - PATIENT STUDIES

Abstract

Background

The role of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of low-grade gliomas (LGG) is controversial regarding their effect on survival and the development of neurotoxicity. The few published studies examining adverse treatment effects on cognition revealed conflicting results.

Objective

To assess cognitive functioning in LGG patients who received conformal radiation therapy (RT), chemotherapy, or no treatment.

Design

40 LGG patients participated in the study; 16 patients had RT ± chemotherapy, and 24 patients had no treatment. All patients underwent a neuropsychological evaluation. APOE genotype was obtained in 36 patients who were classified in two groups based on the presence or absence of at least one apolipoprotein E є-4 (APOE є-4) allele.

Results

Treated LGG patients had lower scores than untreated patients on several cognitive domains; patients who completed treatment at intervals greater than 3 years and had long disease duration had significantly lower scores on the Non-Verbal Memory domain. Antiepileptic polytherapy, treatment history, and disease duration jointly contributed to low Psychomotor domain scores. 62% of treated patients showed white matter confluence on MRI, whereas only 9% of the untreated patients had such changes. Preliminary comparisons between APOE є-4 carriers (n = 9) and non-carriers (n = 27) on cognitive domain scores revealed no statistically significant differences, but APOE є-4 carriers had lower mean scores on the Verbal Memory domain than did non-є-4 carriers.

Conclusions

RT ± chemotherapy, disease duration, and antiepileptic treatment contributed to mild cognitive difficulties in LGG patients.

Keywords

Low-grade glioma Radiation Chemotherapy Neuropsychology Cognitive 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Aviva Glass, Angeles Cheung, and Jocelyn Dantis for their assistance with data acquisition and management.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denise D. Correa
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lisa M. DeAngelis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weiji Shi
    • 3
  • Howard T. Thaler
    • 3
  • Michael Lin
    • 2
  • Lauren E. Abrey
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyMemorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurology and NeuroscienceWeill Medical College of Cornell UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsMemorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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