S100A13, a new marker of angiogenesis in human astrocytic gliomas
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- Landriscina, M., Schinzari, G., Di Leonardo, G. et al. J Neurooncol (2006) 80: 251. doi:10.1007/s11060-006-9189-y
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S100 proteins are Ca2+-binding polypeptides involved in the tumourigenesis of several human neoplasms. S100A13 is a key regulator of the stress-dependent release of FGF1, the prototype of the FGF protein family involved in angiogenesis. Indeed, S100A13 is a copper binding protein able to enhance the export of FGF1 in response to stress in vitro and to induce the formation of a multiprotein aggregate responsible for FGF1 release. We investigated the expression of S100A13 in human astrocytic gliomas in␣relation to tumour grading and vascularization. A series of 26 astrocytic gliomas was studied to evaluate microvessel density and to assess FGF1, S100A13 and VEGF-A expression. FGF1 was equally expressed in the vast majority of tumours, whereas S100A13 and VEGF-A were significantly up-regulated in high-grade vascularized gliomas. Moreover, both S100A13 and VEGF-A expression significantly correlated with microvessel density and tumour grading. These data suggest that the up-regulation of S100A13 and VEGF-A expression correlates with the activation of angiogenesis in high-grade human astrocytic gliomas.