Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 80, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Female predominance in meningiomas can not be explained by differences in progesterone, estrogen, or androgen receptor expression

  • Katariina Korhonen
  • Tiina Salminen
  • Jani Raitanen
  • Anssi Auvinen
  • Jorma Isola
  • Hannu Haapasalo
Laboratory Investigation


The female predominance in meningioma incidence and association between meningioma and breast cancer suggest that growth of meningiomas is hormone-dependent. There are several discrepancies in literature about the proliferative effect of sex hormones on meningiomas. This study aims to evaluate the hormone receptor status of meningiomas and assess its relation to age, sex, histological grade, recurrence, and proliferation activity. The material was based on consecutive patients operated for meningioma at Tampere University Hospital in 1989–1999. The occurrence of progesterone, estrogen and androgen receptor in patients with primary and recurrent meningiomas was studied immunohistochemically by using specific monoclonal antibodies. Hormonal status was determined in 510 tumor samples. 443 samples were from primary meningiomas and 67 from recurrent tumors. Of the␣samples, 455 were benign (WHO grade I), 49 atypical (grade II), and 6 malignant (grade III). Of the primary tumor samples, 88% were progesterone receptor positive, 40% were positive for estrogen and 39% for androgen receptors. Grade I meningiomas had significantly higher incidence for estrogen and androgen receptors than higher grade meningiomas. Estrogen positive tumor samples had significantly higher proliferation index than estrogen negative samples. No difference in expression of sex hormone receptors was observed by sexes or age group. Estrogen and androgen receptors may have more influence on the pathogenesis of meningiomas than earlier thought. The higher incidence of meningiomas in women can not be␣explained by differences of sex hormone receptor expression.


Androgen receptor Estrogen receptor Meningioma MIB-1 Progesterone receptor 


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We thank Sari Toivola, Salla Kolmihaara, Paula Kaukoranta, and Anssi Lagerstedt for their excellent techincal assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katariina Korhonen
    • 1
  • Tiina Salminen
    • 2
  • Jani Raitanen
    • 2
  • Anssi Auvinen
    • 2
  • Jorma Isola
    • 3
  • Hannu Haapasalo
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity Hospital of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of TampereTampereFinland
  3. 3.Laboratory of cancer biologyInstitute of Medical Technology, University of Tampere and Tampere University HospitalTampereFinland
  4. 4.Department of Pathology, Centre for Laboratory MedicineTampere University HospitalTampereFinland

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