Traveling for reciprocity: LeAnne Howe’s Choctalking on Other Realities
- 53 Downloads
LeAnne Howe’s Choctalking on Other Realities (2013) is an eclectic text, described as “a combination of memoir, tragedy, absurdist fiction, and marvelous realism” (Howe, “Why I Write”). As it is based on the author’s experience of travel, I will read it as a travel narrative. While focusing on Howe’s travels out of the United States, I will underline the aspects in which her traveling subject differs from traditional travel narratives, which are usually characterized by an endeavor in an ethnographic, exploratory, or scientific presentation of the host. While doing so, I will point to this book’s textual involvement in pushing the boundaries of travel writing and, along with it, of indigenous activism. To this aim, I will discuss Howe’s concept of tribalography, as a tool for understanding and interpreting self, home, and the other. While stemming from one culture, tribalography is oriented towards a transnational understanding and the role of an artist on a global level. Howe’s text will be read with the background of recent Native American and women studies, travel writing theory, and postcolonial insights.
KeywordsTravel writing Tribalography Transnationality Hybridity Reciprocity
- Allen, C. (2017). Productive tensions: Trans/national, trans-/indigenous. In J. Weaver & S. R. Lyons (Eds.), The world, the text, and the Indian: Global dimensions of Native American literature (pp. 239–257). Albany: Sunny.Google Scholar
- Biaɫas, Z. (2010). The mobile body: Prolegomena to the corporeality of travel. In G. Moroz & J. Sztachelska (Eds.), Metamorphoses of travel writing: Across theories, genres, centuries and literary traditions (pp. 10–20). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.Google Scholar
- Birns, N. (2013). On cultural encounters. In N. Birns (Ed.), Cultural encounters (pp. 1–18). Salem: Ipswich.Google Scholar
- Clifford, J. (1994). Diasporas. Cultural Anthropology, 9(3) (Further inflections: Toward ethnographies of the future), 302–338.Google Scholar
- Diamond, J. (2005). Collapse: How societies choose to fail or succeed. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
- Greene, B. M. (1997). Remembering as resistance in the literature of women of color. In L. Brannon & B. M. Greene (Eds.), Rethinking American literature (pp. 97–115). Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English.Google Scholar
- Grosz, E. (2005). Bodies-cities. In H. J. Nast & S. Pile (Eds.), Places through the body (pp. 31–38). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hada, K. (No date). White woman speak truth: Humor in LeAnne Howe’s Choctalking on other realities. Cubersoleil, a Literary Journal. http://www.cybersoleiljournal.com/index.php?lay=show&ac=article&Id=539682702&Ntype=5. Accessed 15 October 2017.
- Hedge Coke, A. A. (Ed.). (2011). Sing. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
- Holland, P., & Huggan, G. (2003). Tourists with typewriters: Critical reflections on contemporary travel writing. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
- Hooks, B. (1991). Narratives of struggle. In P. Mariani (Ed.), Critical fictions: The politics of imaginative writing: Discussions in contemporary culture (pp. 53–61). Seattle: Bay.Google Scholar
- Howe, L. (2013). Choctalking on other realities (Kindle ed.). San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.Google Scholar
- Howe, L. (No date). Why I write. http://www.ileannehowe.com/portfolio/choctalking-on-other-realities. Accessed 15 October 2017.
- Huggan, G. (2012). Extreme pursuits: Travel/writing in an age of globalization. Michigan: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
- Kalbleisch, E. V. (2009). Bordering on feminism: home and transnational sites in recent visual culture and native women’s art. Thesis (Ph.D.), University of Rochester.Google Scholar
- Kirwan, P. (2016). Choctaw tales: An interview with LeAnne Howe. Women: A Cultural Review,2(3), 265–279.Google Scholar
- Lyons, S. R. (2017). Introduction: Globalizing the word. In J. Weaver & S. R. Lyons (Eds.), The world, the text, and the Indian: Global dimensions of Native American literature (pp. 1–16). Albany: Sunny.Google Scholar
- Macklin, R. (No date). An interview with LeAnne Howe. Wasafiri: International contemporary writing. http://www.wasafiri.org/article/interview-leanne-howe/. Accessed 15 October 2016.
- Momaday, N. S. (1998). The man made of words. New York: St. Martin’s.Google Scholar
- Packer-Kinlaw, D. (2012). Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing. Doctoral Thesis. University of Maryland.Google Scholar
- Petete, T. (2019). This is Indian land: Visual sovereignty and representational space. In XV. international conference on Anglo-American literature and culture: “Home-thoughts, from abroad.” Cetinje, Montenegro, June 27–20, 2019.Google Scholar
- Pratt, M. L. (1986). Field work in common places. In J. Clifford & G. E. Marcus (Eds.), Writing culture: The poetics and politics of ethnography (pp. 27–50). Berkley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Said, E. (1994). Culture and imperialism. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
- Smith, S. (2001). Moving lives: Twentieth-century women’s travel writing. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
- Smith, L. T. (2007). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. London-New York: Zed, University of Otago Press.Google Scholar
- Squint, K. L. (2003). Native spiritualities as resistance: Disrupting colonialism in the Americas. Doctoral Dissertation, Louisiana State University.Google Scholar
- Stewart-Harawira, M. (2005). The new imperial order: Indigenous responses to globalization. Aotearoa: Huia. http://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_dissertations/2003. Accessed 15 January 2018.
- Vizenor, G. (1999). Manifest manners in postindian survivance. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
- Weaver, J. (2001). Other words: American Indian literature, law, and culture. Norman: University of Oklahoma.Google Scholar
- Youngs, T. (2013). Cambridge introduction to travel writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar