Advertisement

Neohelicon

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 267–287 | Cite as

The place of philology in an age of world literature

  • Michael Holquist
Article

Abstract

A more globalized concept of culture and the tsunami of information made available by the digital revolution call for new reading practices. The emerging discipline of World Literature is an attempt to create such practice, but one that would seem to have very little place in it for the highly specialized skills that define philology, the closest of all close reading strategies. It is this tension that has sparked several calls for a “return to philology.” A historical overview of the Golden Age of classical philology in Germany (1777–1872) suggests that the skills that have defined the profession all over the globe from earliest times are still valuable, but in future can best be employed only in cooperation with scholars having other competencies.

Keywords

Philology German Enlightenment Universities Reading World literature 

References

  1. Bachelard, G. (1947). La Formation de l’esprit scientifique: Contribution à une psychoanalyse de la connaissance objective. Paris: J. Vrin.Google Scholar
  2. Bala, A. (2006). The dialogue of civilizations in the birth of modern science. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bollack, J. (1997). La Grèce de personne: Les mots sous le mythe. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  4. Briggs, W. W., Jr., & Calder, W. M. III (1990). Classical scholarship: A biographical encyclopedia. New York: Garland.Google Scholar
  5. Butler, E. M. (1935). The Tyranny of Greece over Germany a study of the influence exercised by Greek art and poetry over the great German writers of the eighteenth nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Casanova, P. (2004). The World Republic of Letters (M. B. De Bevoise, Trans.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cerquiglini, B. (1999). In praise of the variant: A critical history of philology translated by Betty Wing. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Chomsky, N. (1966). Cartesian linguistics: A chapter in the history of rationalist thought. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  9. Clark, W. (2006). Academic charisma and the origins of the research university. Chicago: University of Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cooper, J. S. (1996). Sumerian and Akkadian. In P. T. Daniels, & W. Bright (Ed.), The world’s writing systems (pp. 37–72, 1). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Damrosch, D. (2003). What is world literature?. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Damrosch, D. (2006). The buried book: The loss and rediscovery of the great epic of Gilgamesh. New York: Henry Holt and Company.Google Scholar
  13. Damrosch, D., D’Haen, T., & Kadir, D. The Routledge companion to world literature, to appear in 2011.Google Scholar
  14. de Saussure, F. (1966). Course in General Linguistics (Wade Baskin, Trans.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  15. Dehaene, S. (2009). Reading in the brain: The science and evolution of a human invention. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  16. Elman, B. A. (1983). Philosophy (I-Li) versus philology (K’ao Cheng): The Jen-hsin tao-hsin Debate, T’uong Pao (2nd series, Vol. 69, Livr. 4.5, pp. 175–222).Google Scholar
  17. Elman, B. A. (1984). From philosophy to philology: Aspects of intellectual and social change in late imperial China (2nd ed. 2001). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Foucault, M. (1970). The order of things: An archeology of the human sciences. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
  19. Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2009). Dyslexia: a new synergy between education and cognitive neuroscience. Science, 325, 280–283.Google Scholar
  20. Geyer, P., & Wood, A. (1998). Critique of pure reason (P. Geyer, & A. Wood, Trans.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Godzich, W. (1993). The resistance to theory. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Groth J. H. (1950). Wilamowitz-Moellendorff on Nietzsche’s Birth of Tragedy. Journal of the History of Ideas, 11(2), 179–190.Google Scholar
  23. Gruendler, B. (2010). Pre-Modern Arabic Philologists: Poetry’s Friends or Foes? Accessed August 10, 2010 from http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:TZhl1CgSP7yj:imagephil/pdfs/Gruendler.pdf+beatrice+gruendler+aral.
  24. Guillory, J. (2002). In A. Anderson & J. Valente (Eds.), Disciplinarity at the Fin de Siècle (pp. 19–43). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Gumbrecht, H. U. (2003). The powers of philology: Dynamics of textual scholarship. Champaign-Urbana, IL: University of Illinois University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Harpham, G. G. (2005). Returning to philology: the past and present of literary study. In K. Hilberdink (Ed.), New prospects in literary research (pp. 9–26). Amsterdam: Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences.Google Scholar
  27. Holub, R. C. (1981). Robert C. Holub’s book Heinrich Heine’s Reception of German Grecophilia. Heidelberg: Winter Verlag.Google Scholar
  28. Hummel, P. (2000). Histoire de l’histoire de la philologie. Geneva: Droz.Google Scholar
  29. Hummel, P. (2003). Philologus auctor: Le philologue et son oeuvre. Bern: Peter Lange.Google Scholar
  30. Israel, J. (2001). Radical enlightenment: Philosophy and the making of modernity, 1650–1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Kennedy, J. M. Trans. Homer and classical philology. Accessed, September 1, 2010 from http://www.davemckay.co.uk/philosophy/nietzsche/nietzsche.php?name=nietzsche.1869.homerandclassicalphilology.kennedy.
  32. Klussman, R. (1886). Encyklopedie und Methodologie der philologischen Wissenschaften (2nd ed.). Leipzig: Teubner.Google Scholar
  33. Kopf, L. (1956). Religious influences on medieval arabic philology. Studia Islamica, 5, 33–59. Accessed August 10, 2010 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1595158.
  34. Kuhn, T. (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  35. Manczak, W. (1990). The object of philology and the object of linguistics. In J. Fisiak (Ed.), Historical Linguistics and Philology (pp. 261–272). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Moretti, F. (2000). Conjectures on world literature. New Left Review, No. 1 (Jan/Feb) 2000. Accessed July 15, 2010 from http://www.newleftreview.org/A2094.
  37. Moretti, F. (2005). Graphs, maps, trees. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  38. Olender, M. (1992). The languages of paradise: Race, religion and philology in the nineteenth century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Oxford English Dictionary. (1972). Compact edition. Oxford.: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Patterson, L., (1994). The return to philology. In: J. van Engen (Ed.), The past and future of medieval studies (pp. 231–244). Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
  41. Pattison, M. (1889). F. A. Wolf. In Essays (Vol. 1). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  42. Pollock, S. (2009). Future philology? The fate of a soft science in a hard world. Critical Inquiry, 35, 931–961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pritchard, J. P. (1968). On interpretation and criticism (J. P. Pritchard, Trans.). Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
  44. Robins, R. H. (1990). A short history of linguistics (3rd ed.). London: Longman.Google Scholar
  45. Rousseau., J. J. & Herder, J. G. (1966). Two essays on the origin of language (John H. Moran, & Alexander Gode, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  46. Said, E. (2004). The return to philology. In Humanism and democratic criticism (pp. 57–84). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Sandys, J. E. (1903–1909). History of classical scholarship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Sandys J. E. (1909). Preface. In History of Classical Scholarship (p. vii). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Saussy, H. (Ed.). (2006). Comparative literature in an age of globalization. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Schiller, F. (1794–1795). On naïve and sentimental poetry (William F. Wertz, Jr., Trans.). The Schiller Institute: Washington. Accessed August 29, 2010 from http://www.schillerinstitute.org/transl/Schiller_essays/naive_sentimental-1.html.
  51. Seth, L. (2002). Error and the academic self: The scholarly imagination medieval to modern. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Shaywitz, S. E., & Shaywitz, B. A. (2008). The neurobiology of reading and dyslexia. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 1329–1349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Spinoza, B. (1925). Ethics. In Opera (4 vols., ed. C. Gebhardt). Heidelberg: Carl Winters Universitätsbuchhandlung.Google Scholar
  54. Sturtevant, E. H. (1924). The conference on philology at Cincinnati. Classical Weekly, 17(18), 142–144. Accessed August 15, 2010 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/30108273.
  55. Vernant, J. P. (1974). Mythe et société en Grèce. Paris: Maspero.Google Scholar
  56. von Humboldt, W. (1999). On language: On the diversity of human language construction and its influence on the mental development of the human species (Peter Heath, Trans.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Whitney, W. D. (1867). Language and the study of language. New York: Charles Scribner & Co.Google Scholar
  58. Wolf, F. A. (1985). Prolegomena to Homer. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Wolf, M. (2007). Proust and the squid: The story and science of the reading brain. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  60. Ziolkowski, T. (1990a). German romanticism and its institutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  61. Ziolkowski, J. (1990b). On Philology. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.Google Scholar
  62. Ziolkowski, J. (2005). Metaphilology the return to philology and the not-so-new philology. Journal of English and German Philology, 104(2), 239–272.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations