New Forests

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 577–591 | Cite as

Genetic variation in growth, stem straightness, pilodyn and dynamic modulus of elasticity in second-generation progeny tests of Acacia mangium at three sites in Vietnam

  • Phi Hong HaiEmail author
  • La Anh Duong
  • Nguyen Quoc Toan
  • Trieu Thi Thu Ha


164 open-pollinated families of Acacia mangium from six different genetic groups were tested in three second-generation progeny tests planted at Tuyen Quang and Ba Vi in northern Vietnam and Bau Bang in the south. All trees were measured to estimate individual heritabilities and genetic correlations for growth traits, stem straightness and pilodyn in the three trials, and dynamic modulus of elasticity (MoEd) of standing trees was only assessed in Tuyen Quang. There were significant differences between families for growth traits, stem straightness, pilodyn penetration and predicted MoEd. Heritabilities of growth traits, stem straightness, pilodyn and dynamic modulus of elasticity were low to moderate (h2 = 0.11–0.30). The coefficient of additive genetic variation for DBH, pilodyn and MoEd were moderate at age 3 or 4 years (CVa = 4.9–9.4 %). Genetic correlations between stem straightness, pilodyn and growth traits were favourable but weak, while those between growth traits and dynamic modulus of elasticity were weak and unfavourable. The substantial coefficients of additive genetic variation and significant heritabilities for all traits indicate that it should be possible to use a selection strategy that combines improvements in growth, stem straightness, and wood quality for A. mangium in Vietnam. The site–site genetic correlations between the two northern trials and Bau Bang site were low for growth traits, indicating that G × E effects are of practical importance for growth and different deployment populations will be required for different sites.


Acacia mangium Genetic variation Growth Pilodyn Wood stiffness 



The second-generation progeny tests used in this study were established by the Institute of Forest Tree Improvement and Biotechnology in collaboration with CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems and CSIRO Plant Industry. The authors acknowledge Dr. Chris Harwood for his editorial assistance and comments on the manuscript, and staff in the Institute of Forest Tree Improvement and Biotechnology in Hanoi, Ba Vi station, An Hoa pulp mill and the Forest Science Institute of Southern Vietnam who worked on establishment, maintenance of the trials and data collection over several years. This study was funded by a national project named “Improvement of Acacia crassicarpa and Acacia mangium for plantation”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phi Hong Hai
    • 1
    Email author
  • La Anh Duong
    • 1
  • Nguyen Quoc Toan
    • 2
  • Trieu Thi Thu Ha
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Planning and SciencesVietnamese Academy of Forest SciencesDuc Thang, Bac Tu Liem, Ha NoiViet Nam
  2. 2.Institute of Forest Tree Improvement and BiotechnologyVietnamese Academy of Forest SciencesDuc Thang, Bac Tu Liem, Ha NoiViet Nam

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