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New Forests

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 55–65 | Cite as

Teak (Tectona grandis L.) tree growth, stem quality and health in coppiced plantations in Java, Indonesia

  • John Duff BaileyEmail author
  • Natalas Anis Harjanto
Article

Abstract.

Coppicing is an alternative reforestation tool for teak in the tropics, substantially reducing regeneration time/costs and associated demands for labor and seed when available. Growth rates of coppiced material are rapid in most situations, but stem/wood quality is a frequent concern. We compared coppiced teak plantations to paired seed-origin plantations, at ages 3, 8, and 13 years, on Forest State Corporation managed land located in Java, Indonesia. Teak trees were evaluated for height, diameter, lower-bole straightness, and presence of disease in both plantation types and at three ages. Mean height and diameter of trees in coppiced plantations were both significantly greater than that in their paired seed-origin plantations at all three ages. Furthermore, heights and diameters in coppiced plantations were higher than expected based on established growth tables for Java. Coppiced plantations were less symptomatic of disease than seed-origin plantations, which promises better wood production and quality. Lower-bole stems in coppiced plantations developed less straight than those in seed-origin plantations, but these deviations faded with time and will likely become insignificant within a 60-year rotation. Based on these results from existing coppiced plantations in Java, coppiced plantations can make a major contribution to teak production in Indonesia.

Keywords

Neotermes tectonae Phoma Sprouting Tropical forestry 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ForestryNorthern Arizona UniversityFlagstaffUSA

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