Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 75–80 | Cite as

A Long and Difficult Path towards Understanding the Purpose of Sleep. The Period before Electrophysiology

  • I. N. PigarevEmail author
  • M. L. Pigareva

We present a historical review of the concepts of Russian researchers regarding the mechanisms and functional roles of sleep – I. P. Pavlov and his predecessors (I. R. Tarkhanov and M. M. Manaseina) and students (N. A. Rozhanskii and K. M. Bykov). This analysis leads to the conclusion that sleep is linked with the realization of functional operations not previously associated with sleep and not addressed by current neuroscience. Thus, a real understanding of sleep functions can be expected to come only with a new neurophysiological paradigm.


sleep sleep deprivation 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kharkevich Institute of Problems in Information TransmissionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and NeurophysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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