Advertisement

Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 455–460 | Cite as

The Primary Motor and the Primary Sensory Cortex – Two Local Cortical Centers of the Sensorimotor Representation of the Body

  • N. M. Ipekchyan
  • S. A. Badalyan
Article
  • 107 Downloads

Ipsilateral associative connections between different fields in the primary sensory (S1) and primary motor (M1) areas of the cortex were studied in 25 adult cats after local coagulation and infusion of horseradish peroxidase. The distributions of associative M1 and S1 fibers were found to correspond to the margins of the somatotopic representations of different parts of the body. The fields within M1 (4y, 6ab) and S1 (1, 2, 3a, 3b), which have different morphofunctional organization, were not connected by a system of associative fibers crossing the cytoarchitonic boundaries of these fields. The primary sensory (S1) and motor (M1) areas of cortex did not have reciprocal connections. Occasional fibers connected neighboring fields in M1 and A1.

Keywords

primary motor cortex primary sensory cortex ipsilateral cortical-cortical connections cat 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. A. Badalyan, Dzh. S. Sarkisyan, and V. I. Pogosyan, “Corticocortical and thalamocortical sources of afferentation to the representation area of the radial nerve in the primary somatosensory cortex of the cat,” Biol. Zh. Armenii, 48, No. 2, 18–22 (1995).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. M. Ipekchyan, “Characteristics of corticocortical ipsilateral connections of the primary, secondary, and tertiary sensorimotor zones in the cat brain,” Morfologiya, 139, No. 1, 22–26 (2011).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. M. Ipekchyan and O. G. Baklavadzhyan, “The projections of fields 5 and 7 to subdivisions of the sensorimotor area of the cortex in the cat brain,” Neirofiziologiya, 20, No. 3, 319–326 (1988).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. Mountcastle, “An organizing principle for cerebral function: the unit module and the distributed system,” in: The Mindful Brain [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1981), pp. 15–67.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. A. Skoromets, A. P. Skoromets, and T. A. Skoromets, “Topical diagnosis of focal lesions of the nervous system,” in: Nervous Diseases [in Russian], MEDpressInform, Moscow (2008), pp. 197–220.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Asanuma, C. D. Larsen, and H. Yumiya, “Direct sensory pathways to the motor cortex in monkey:A basis of cortical reflexes,” in: Integration in Nervous System [in Russian], Igaku-Shoin, Tokyo (1979), pp. 223–238.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Asanuma, C. D. Larsen, and P. Zarzecki, “Peripheral input pathways projecting to the motor cortex in the cat,” Brain Res., 172, No. 2, 197–208 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Asanuma and I. Rosen, “Functional role of afferent input to monkey motor cortex,” Brain Res., 40, No. 1, 3–5 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Brodmann, Vergleichende Lokalizationslehre der Groshirnrinde in ihren Prinzipien dargestellt auf Grund des Zellenbaues [in German], J. A. Barth, Leipzig, (1925).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Castaldo, J. Rodgers, A. Rae-Grant, et al., “Diagnosis and neuroimaging of acute stroke producing distal arm monoparesis,” J. Stroke Cerebrovasc. Res., 12, No. 6, 253–258 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. A. Fridman, T. Hanakawa, M. Chung, et al., “Reorganization of the human ipsilateral premotor cortex after stroke,” Brain, 127, No. 4, 747–758 (2004).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. C. Gatter and T. P. S. Powell, “The intrinsic connections of the cortex of area 4 of the monkey,” Brain, 101, No. 3, 513–541 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Hassler and C. Muhs-Clement, “Architektonischer Aufbau des sensomotorischen und parietalen Cortex der Katze,” J. Hirnforsch., 6, No. 4, 377–420 (1964).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. B. Johnson, A. Angelucci, R. Ziparo, et al., “Segregation and overlap of callosal and association neurons in frontal and parietal cortices of primate: a spectral and coherency analysis,” J. Neurosci., 9, No. 7, 2313–2326 (1989).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. G. Jones, I. D. Coulter, and S. H. C. Hendry, “Intracortical connectivity of architectonic fields in the somatic sensory, motor and parietal cortex of monkeys,” J. Comp. Neurol., 181, No. 2, 291–341 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. G. Jones and T. P. S. Powell, “The ipsilateral connexions of the somatic sensory areas in the cat,” Brain Res., 9, No. 1, 71–94 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. G. Jones and T. P. S. Powell, “Connexions of the somatic sensory cortex of the rhesus monkey. I. Ipsilateral cortical connexions,” Brain, 19, No. 3, 477–502 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. G. Jones and T. P. S. Powell, “An anatomical study of converging sensory pathways within the cerebral cortex of the monkey,” Brain, 93, No. 4, 790–820 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. G. Jones and S. P. Wise, “Size, laminar and columnar distribution of efferent cells in sensory-motor cortex of monkey,” J. Comp. Neurol., 175, No. 4, 391–438 (1977).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Kawamura and C. Otani, “Corticocortical fiber connections in the cat cerebrum: the frontal region,” J. Comp. Neurol., 139, No. 4, 423–448 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. M. Mesulam, “Tetramethylbenzidine for HRP neurochemistry: a non-carcinogenic blue reaction product with superior sensitivity for visualizing neural afferents and efferents,” J. Histochem. Cytochem., 26, No. 2, 106–117 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. J. H. Nauta and P. A. Gygax, “A silver impregnation of degenerating axons in the central nervous system: a modified technic,” Stain Technol., 29, No. 1, 91–93 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Nieoullon and L. Rispal-Padel, “Somatotopic localization in cat motor cortex,” Brain Res., 105, No. 3, 405–422 (1976).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. L. Porter, “Somatosensory input onto pyramidal tract neurons in rodent motor cortex,” Neuroreport, 7, No. 14, 2309–2315 (1996).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. N. Woolsey, “Organization of somatic sensory and motor areas of the cerebral cortex,” in: Biological and Biochemical Bases of Behavior, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison (1958), pp. 63–81.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Yumiya and C. Chez, “Specialized subregions in the cat motor cortex: anatomical demonstration of differential projections to the rostral and causal sectors,” Exp. Brain Res., 53, No. 2, 259–276 (1984).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Autonomic Nervous System Physiology (Director: Doctor of Biological Sciences L. B. Nersesyan), Sensorimotor Integration Laboratory (Director: Doctor of Biological Sciences V. A. Sargsyan), L. A. Orbeli Institute of PhysiologyNational Academy of Sciences of the Republic of ArmeniaErevanArmenia

Personalised recommendations