Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 42, Issue 9, pp 1060–1067 | Cite as

Muscular Aftereffects and the Maintenance of Balance in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Impaired Sensorimotor Integration

  • V. L. Talis
  • M. A. Kapitonov
  • E. V. Maksimova

The vertical posture of patients with impaired sensorimotor integration was compared with that in healthy subjects before and after 30 sec of involuntary cervical muscle contraction. Studies were performed on seven patients with impaired sensorimotor integration. The movement trajectories of the center of mass were recorded for 30 sec in the standing position with the eyes open and closed and on foam rubber with the eyes open before and after involuntary contraction of the cervical muscles. The areas of oscillation of patients standing with the eyes open and on foam rubber were greater than those in healthy subjects, while the mean positions of the center of mass standing with the eyes open and closed were closer to the axis of the talocrural joints. Closing of the eyes had a smaller destabilizing effect on patients than on healthy subjects. Contraction of the cervical muscles for 30 sec in healthy subjects led to a backward displacement of the center of pressure toward the axis of the talocrural joints, especially on standing with the eyes open, along with a decrease in the length of the center of pressure curve, especially its frontal components, on standing on foam rubber. In patients, the aftereffects of involuntary cervical muscle contraction consisted of a reduction in the area of oscillations on foam rubber and a relative increase in frontal oscillations while standing with the eyes closed. These results lead to the conclusion that standing in patients with impaired sensorimotor integration was more sensitive to changes in proprioceptive than visual afferentation, while 30-sec involuntary cervical muscle contraction brought measures of vertical stability in patients closer to age-normal values.


muscular aftereffects impaired sensorimotor integration vertical standing stabilometry 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    D. E. Aires, The Child and Sensory Integration. Understanding Cryptic Developmental Problems [in Russian], Terevinf, Moscow (2009).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. A. Bernshtein, The Physiology of Movement and Activity [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1990).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Magnus, Body Posture [Russian translation], USSR Academy of Sciences Press, Moscow (1962).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. V. Maksimova, Levels of Communication. Causes of Early Childhood Autism and Its Correction on the Basis of N. A. Bernshtein’s Theory [in Russian], Dialog-MIFI, Moscow (2008).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. S. Gurfinkel,Yu. S. Levik, and M. A. Lebedev, “Postural automatisms detected by increases in background tone,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 305, No. 5, 1266–1270 (1989).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Craske and J. D. Craske, “Oscillator mechanisms in the human motor system: investigating their properties using the after-contraction effect,” J. Mot. Behav., 18, No. 2, 117–145 (1986).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Duclos, R. Roll, J.-P. Mongeau, J.-P. Roll, and R. Forget, “Postural changes after sustained neck muscle contraction in persons with a lower leg amputation,” J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol., 19, No. 4, 214–222 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. B. De Freitas, S. M. Freitas, M. Duarte, M. L. Latash, and V. M. Zatsiorsky, “Effects of joint immobilization on standing balance,” Hum. Mov. Sci., 28, No. 4, 512–528 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Hytonen, I. Pyykko, H. Aalto, and J. Starck, “Postural control and age,” Acta Otolaryngol., 113, No. 2, 119–122 (1993).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. P. Ivanenko,W. G. Wright,V. S. Gurfinkel, F. Horak, and P. Cordo, “Interaction of involuntary post-contraction activity with locomotor movements,” Exp. Brain Res., 169, 255–260 (2006).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. J. Miller, D. M. Nielsen, S. A. Schoen, and B. A. Brett-Green, “Perspectives on sensory processing disorder: a call for translational research,” Frontiers Integrat. Neurosci., 3, No. 22, 1–12 (2009).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. A. Molloy, K. N. Dietrich, and A. Bhattacharya, “Postural stability in children with autism spectrum disorder,” J. Autism Dev. Disord., 33, No. 6, 643–652 (2003).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Schieppati, M. Hugon, M. Grasso, A. Nardone, and M. Galante, “The limits of equilibrium in young and elderly normal subjects and in parkinsonians,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol., 93, 286–298 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. L. Talis
    • 1
  • M. A. Kapitonov
    • 2
  • E. V. Maksimova
    • 3
  1. 1.A. A. Kharkevich Institute of Information Transmission ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Russian State Technology University (MATI)MoscowRussia
  3. 3.Public Leisure Institution “Triada Center”MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations