Advertisement

Natural Resources Research

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 273–286 | Cite as

3D Geomechanical Modeling of Casing Collapse in Plastic Formations (Cap Rock of Hydrocarbon Reservoir)

  • Soheila Hedayatikhah
  • Mohammad AbdidehEmail author
Original Paper
  • 59 Downloads

Abstract

In the Gachsaran Formation, the casing pipes driven into a number of wells have collapsed within a short span of time in one of the southwest fields of Iran. The casing collapse causes the loss of production wells and imposes steep costs. One of the main causes of these damages is the movement of the ductile salt layers, resulting in high horizontal stresses. In this study, these stresses were first determined with the help of a deep geomechanical model to examine the emergence of the collapse phenomenon, and then, the depth was determined with simulation software, as are the numerical values of stresses that have been able to overcome the yield stress of the casing and caused collapse. Finally, the study of the geomechanical model shows that the highest probability of collapse is at the depth of the Gachsaran Formation. Subsequently, by simulating the depth of the formation, the study shows that the highest numerical values of the applied stresses were related to the Gachsaran layers 2–4, which have the highest volume of salt units.

Keywords

Casing collapse Gachsaran Formation Geomechanical model ABAQUS software 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the National Iranian South Oil Company for their help and financial support for data and software.

References

  1. Bahroudi, A., & Koyi, H. A. (2004). Tectono-sedimentary framework of the Gachsaran Formation in the Zagros foreland basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 21, 1295–1310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chi, E., Zhao, M., Liu, J., & Kang, Q. (2015). Numerical modeling of rock fracture and Fragmentation under impact loading using discrete element method. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 7(6), 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cook, J., Frederiksen, R. A., Hasbo, K., Green, S., Judzis, A., Martin, J. W., et al. (2007). Rocks matter: ground truth in geomechanics. Oilfield Review, 19(3), 36–55.Google Scholar
  4. Farsimadan, M., Ahmadi, M., Ahangari, K., & Dashtbozorgi, J. (2014). Determine the range of in situ stresses around damaged wells in Marun oil Field. Irianian Petroleum Geology Journal, 6, 1–21.Google Scholar
  5. Feng, Y., Jones, J.F., & Gray, K.E. (2015). Pump-in and flow-back tests for determination of fracture parameters and in situ stresses. In AADE national technical conference and exhibition, AADE-15-NTCE-35.Google Scholar
  6. Fjaer, E., Holt, R. M., Horsrud, P., Raaen, A. M., & Risnes, R. (2008). Petroleum related rock mechanics (2nd ed.). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  7. Gholami, R., Rasouli, V., Aadnoy, B., & Mohammadi, R. (2015a). Application of in situ stress estimation methods in wellbore stability analysis under isotropic and anisotropic conditions. Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 12, 657–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gholami, R., Rasouli, V., Aadnoy, B., & Mohammadnejad, M. (2015b). Geomechanical and numerical studies of casing damages in a reservior with solid production. Rock Mechanics Rock Engineering, 49, 1441–1460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goodman, R. E. (1989). Introduction to Rock Mechanics, second edition. ISBN-13: 978-0471812005, pp. 202–217, 250–256.Google Scholar
  10. Gorjian, M., Memarian, H., Moosavi, M., & Mehrgini, B. (2012). Dynamic properties of anhydrites, marls and salts of the Gachsaran evaporitic formation, Iran. Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 10(1), 015001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hosseini, E., Neshat Ghojogh, J., & Habibnia, B. (2015). Characterization of fractures of Asmari Formation by using image logs, case study: Marun Oilfield. American Journal of Oil and Chemical Technologies, 3(5), 45–47.Google Scholar
  12. Jandakaew, M. (2007). Stress-path dependency of rock salt. In Proceeding of the first Thailand symposium on rock mechanics (pp. 171–188). Greenery Resort, Khao Yai, Nakhon Ratchasima: Suranaree University of Technology. Google Scholar
  13. Jinga, L., & Hudson, J. A. (2002). Numerical methods in rock mechanics. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 39, 409–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liang, E., Li, Z., Han, Y., Li, G., & Guo, P. (2013). Analysis on collapse strength of casing wear. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 26(3), 613–619.  https://doi.org/10.3901/CJME.2013.03.613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lin, W., Yamamoto, K., Ito, H., Hideki Masago, H., & Kawamura, Y. (2008). Estimation of minimum principal stress from an extended leak-off test onboard the Chikyu drilling vessel and suggestions for future test procedures. Scientific Drilling.  https://doi.org/10.2204/iodp.sd.6.06.2008.Google Scholar
  16. Liu, X., Yang, X., & Wang, J. (2015). A nonlinear creep model of rock salt and its numerical implement in FLAC3D. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/285158.Google Scholar
  17. Lu, Z., Wan, L., Zeng, Q., Zhang, X., & Gao, K. (2017). Numerical simulation of fragment separation during rock cutting using a 3D dynamic finite element analysis code. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3024918.Google Scholar
  18. Marandi, M., Jahani, D., Uromeihy, A., & Karimpour Reihan, M. (2017). Analysis of structure and textures of anhydrite mineral in Gachsaran Formation in Gotvand Area, Iran. Open Journal of Geology, 7, 1478–1493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mehrgini, B., Memarian, H., Maurice, B., Dusseault, M. B., Ali Ghavidel, A., & Heydarizadeh, M. (2016). Geomechanical characteristics of common reservoir caprock in Iran (Gachsaran Formation), experimental and statistical analysis. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2016.07.058.Google Scholar
  20. Memari, A. (2013). Evaluation of surface subsidence in one of Iran’s oil fields using INSAR technique. American Journal of Oil and Chemical Technologies, 1(4), 9–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Metwally, I. M. (2017). Three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis of concrete deep beam reinforced with GFRP bars. HBRC Journal, 13(1), 25–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Motamedi, M., Sherkati, S., & Sepehr, M. (2012). Structural style variation and its impact on hydrocarbon traps in central Fars, southern Zagros folded belt, Iran. Journal of Structural Geology, 37, 124–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nikolić, M., Roje-Bonacci, T., & Ibrahimbegović, A. (2016). Overview of the numerical methods for the modelling of rock mechanics problems. Technical Gazette, 23, 627–637.  https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20140521084228.Google Scholar
  24. Parvizi, S., Kharrat, R., Asef, M. R., Jahangiry, B., & Hashemi, A. (2015). Prediction of the shear wave velocity from compressional wave velocity for Gachsaran Formation. Acta Geophysica, 63(5), 1231–1243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rolf, B., Mohammed, W., & Mohsen, P. (2006). A preliminary study of casing collapse in Iran. Hydroquest report. Houston: Schlumberger Oil Company.Google Scholar
  26. Sepehri, M., Apel, D. B., & Szymanski, J. (2013). Full three-dimensional finite element analysis of the stress redistribution in mine structural pillar. Powder Metallurgy & Mining.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2168-9806.1000119.Google Scholar
  27. Slota-Valim, M. (2015). Static and dynamic elastic properties, the cause of the difference and conversion methods-case study. Oil and Gas Institue-National Research Institute, NAFTA-GAS.  https://doi.org/10.18668/NG2015.11.02.Google Scholar
  28. Tabaeh Hayavi, M., & Abdideh, M. (2016). Estimation of in situ horizontal stresses using the linear poroelastic model and minifrac test results in tectonically active area. Russian Journal of Earth Sciences.  https://doi.org/10.2205/2016ES000576.Google Scholar
  29. Tang, S. B., Huang, R. Q., Tang, C. A., Liang, Z. Z., & Heap, M. (2017). The failure processes analysis of rock slope using numerical modelling techniques. Engineering Failure Analysis.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2017.06.029.Google Scholar
  30. Velilla, J., Fontoura, S., Inoue, N., & Anjos, J. (2015). Numerical Modelling of Casing Integrity in Salt Layers Including the Effects of Dissolution and Creep. In 49th U.S. Rock Mechanics Symposium. San Francisco, California: American Rock Mechanics Association. ARMA-2015-347.Google Scholar
  31. Wittke, W. (2014). Rock mechanics based on an anisotropic jointed rock model. ISBN: 978-3-433-03079-0.  https://doi.org/10.1002/9783433604281.
  32. Zhang, H., Sun, B., Yan, G., Wang, Z., & Huang, M. (2016). Distribution laws and effects analysis of casing external pressure taking elastic parameters matching into account. Petroleum, 2(1), 108–115.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petlm.2015.11.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhong, L., Cong, H., Wang, S., Zhao, D., Wang, Z., & Yang, G. (2008). Deep salt formation wells successfully drilled with integrated in tahe oilfield. In IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling Technology Conference and Exhibition. Jakarta, Indonesia: Society of Petroleum Engineers.  https://doi.org/10.2118/115208-MS.
  34. Zoback, M. (2010). Reservior Geomechanics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Petroleum Engineering, Omidiyeh BranchIslamic Azad UniversityOmidiyehIran

Personalised recommendations