Double redox couples manganese oxide nanorods with tunable oxygen defects and their catalytic combustion properties

  • Yaoyao Li
  • Hong Wang
  • Rongli Zhang
  • Renchun YangEmail author
Research Paper


The activation process of oxygen is a key step for catalytic oxidation reaction. To accelerate the activation of oxygen, tris-valences manganese oxides with two redox couples of Mn2+/Mn3+ and Mn3+/Mn4+ were constructed. The introduction of Zn promoted an enhanced Mn3+/(Mn2++Mn3++Mn4+) ratio and then produced an appropriate stoichiometric compositions for the Mn2+/Mn3+ and Mn3+/Mn4+ redox couples. The results indicate that oxygen vacancies, as a significant influence factor for catalytic oxidation, heavily rely on the Mn3+ content of the resultant samples. Based on the double redox couples with suitable stoichiometry, the metal ion modified tris-valences manganese oxides presented an enhanced oxygen vacancies content and a better catalytic performance for toluene oxidation compared with the unmodified sample. This study offers a promising route to construct the manganese oxides with two redox couples synchronously with an enhanced Mn3+/(Mn2++Mn3++Mn4+) ratio and oxygen vacancies, resulting in a decreased activating temperature and an increased catalytic performance.

Graphical abstract



Manganese oxides Redox couples Oxygen vacancies Catalytic oxidation Nanostructured catalysts 


Funding information

This study is funded by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (51,572,004 and 21,504,001), Natural Science Foundation of the Higher Education Institutions of Anhui Province, China (KJ2016SD06), Top-notch Talent Cultivation Plan of Anhui Polytechnic University (2016BJRC002), and Natural Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of Anhui Polytechnic University (2016JQ01).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2019_4569_MOESM1_ESM.doc (699 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 699 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological and Chemical EngineeringAnhui Polytechnic UniversityWuhuChina

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