Preparation and capacitive performance of modified carbon black-doped porous carbon nanofibers

  • Chang MaEmail author
  • Liqiang Wu
  • Liang Zheng
  • Ruihui Gan
  • Qingchao Fan
  • Yan Song
  • Jingli ShiEmail author
Research Paper


Porous carbon nanofiber webs were prepared by electrospinning and one-step carbonization using modified carbon black (MCB)/PVP as carbon source without template removal and activation treatment. The MCB addition amount was adjusted and the maximum mass ratio of MCB/PVP reached 1.5:1. The MCB-based carbon nanofibers (MCNFs) were mainly composed of micropores and small mesopores. When the addition ratio of MCB/PVP was 1.5:1, the MCNFs showed specific surface area of 624 m2 g−1, high carbon yield of 54%, 10.39 at.% of surface oxygen, and 6.05 at.% of surface nitrogen. The MCNFs were directly cut into electrodes for supercapacitors, and the electrochemical performances of the MCNFs were evaluated in 6 M KOH in three-electrode configuration. The MCNFs showed a maximum specific capacitance of 166 F g−1 and high rate performance (maintaining 54% from 0.1 to 10 A g−1). In view of simple process, high carbon yield, and self-standing nature, the MCNFs may find potential application in supercapacitors.

Graphical abstract


Modified carbon black Electrospinning Carbon nanofibers Supercapacitor 


Author contributions

The manuscript was written through the contributions of all authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin Province (Grant No. 16JCQNJC06300), National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51502201, 51508385), the University of Science and Technology Development Fund Planning Project of Tianjin (2017KJ072), and the CAS Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials (No. KLCMKFJJ1708).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

11051_2019_4471_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3166 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tianjin Municipal Key Laboratory of Advanced Fiber and Energy Storage TechnologyTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.CAS Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Institute of Coal ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesTaiyuanChina

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