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Effect of two-dimensional graphene oxide on the phase change stability of carbon nanotubes and their application for thermal energy storage

  • Chenzhong Mu
  • Jia Yin SzeEmail author
  • Xuelong Chen
  • Alessandro Romagnoli
Research Paper
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Acid-treated carbon nanotubes have a significant improvement on the phase change behavior of nanofluids through the elimination of supercooling degrees and improvement on thermal conductivity. However, it has been found that these carbon nanotubes aggregated after a single phase change cycle. In this study, this problem has been successfully solved by the incorporation of graphene oxide with acid-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (of diameters from 10 to 15 nm) to form an interpenetrated structure of nanofillers with good stability of at least 90 cycles. The efficacy of the carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide nanofillers with different ratios has been demonstrated to shorten the phase change duration of the nanofluids with insignificant reduction to their latent heat. The synergy of two different dimensional nanofillers prevented the aggregation of acid-treated carbon nanotubes without the use of surfactants and achieved high-energy storage capacity and reliability.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes Graphene oxide Thermal energy storage Cyclic stability Phase change materials 

Notes

Funding information

The authors are grateful to the support given by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore, under its Energy NIC grant (NRF Award No.: NRF-ENIC-SERTD-SMES-NTUJTCI3C-2016), to conduct this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy Research InstituteNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.School of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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