Synthesis of oxidized acetylene black/sulfur@Nd2O3 composite as cathode materials for lithium-sulfur batteries
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Lithium-sulfur batteries with a high theoretical specific capacity of 1672 mAh g−1 have been paid tremendous attention to serving as energy storage system. However, the dissolution of polysulfide intermediates could result in poor cycling stability of lithium-sulfur batteries and hinder its practical application. In this work, a novel neodymium oxide (Nd2O3) nanoparticle doped the oxidized-acetylene black/sulfur (H-AB/S@Nd2O3) composite has been synthesized through in situ chemical deposition and solvent dispersion. The as-oxidized acetylene black is served as the conductive carbon scaffold and the as-prepared Nd2O3 nanoparticles, acting as the additive of the H-AB/S composite, can effectively alleviate the loss of polysulfides. As a result, the sulfur-based composite with 5 wt% Nd2O3 nanoparticles exhibits the high specific capacity and excellent cycling stability. The initial discharge capacity is 1171 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C and remains at 748 mAh g−1 after 200 cycles with a capacity retention of 63.9%. Even at a high current density of 1 C, the electrode delivers a maximum discharge capacity of 700 mAh g−1after activation and the capacity retention is approximately 68% after 200 cycles.
KeywordsSulfur composite electrode Acetylene black Nd2O3 nanoparticles Cycling property Lithium-sulfur batteries Energy storage
This study received financial support from Shanxi Science and Technology Foundation Platform Construction Projects (2015091011), Jincheng Science and Technology Planning Projects (201501004-21), and funds for Shanxi Key Subjects Construction.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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