Comparison of different types of polypyrimidine/CNTs/Pt hybrids in fuel cell catalysis
- 20 Downloads
In this paper, we mainly studied the preparation of platinum-containing composite materials with carbon nanotubes wrapped by polypyrimidine-conjugated polymers and the performance of the composites. The polymer-based carbon nanotubes/Pt catalysts were prepared successfully and confirmed by infrared spectroscopy, XPS, XRD, and TEM images. The performance of polypyrimidine/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/Pt and polypyrimidine/double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs)/Pt was compared with the polypyrimidine/single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)/Pt. The amount of the loaded Pt on the polypyrimidine/MWCNTs and polypyrimidine/DWCNTs was calculated to be 50.5 wt% and 52.7 wt% respectively. The effective specific surface area of the polypyrimidine/MWCNTs/Pt (45.7 m2/g) and polypyrimidine/DWCNTs/Pt (42.47 m2/g) was observed by electrochemical cyclic voltammetry. These studies strongly imply that the MWCNTs were better candidates than DWCNTs and SWCNTs in the application of polypyrimidine/CNT materials as catalyst for fuel cells.
KeywordsCarbon nanotubes Fuel cells Catalyst Polypyrimidine Energy conversion Nanostructured catalyst
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 21164012, 51363020).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Fujigaya T, Okamoto M, Nakashima N (2009) Design of an assembly of pyridine-containing polybenzimidazole, carbon nanotubes and Pt nanoparticles for a fuel cell electrocatalyst with a high electrochemically active surface area. Carbon 47:3227–3232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2009.07.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hanelt S, Orts-Gil G, Friedrich JF, Meyer-Plath A (2011) Differentiation and quantification of surface acidities on MWCNTs by indirect potentiometric titration Carbon 49:2978–2988Google Scholar
- Hsu R, Chen Z (2009) Platinum/tin oxide - single walled carbon nanotube electrocatalysts for direct ethanol fuel cell: 1169–1176 doi: https://doi.org/10.1149/1.3210671
- Punetha VD, Rana S, Yoo HJ, Chaurasia A, McLeskey JT Jr, Ramasamy MS, Sahoo NG, Cho JW (2017) Functionalization of carbon nanomaterials for advanced polymer nanocomposites: a comparison study between CNT and graphene. Prog Polym Sci 67:1–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2016.12.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Salehi E, Madaeni SS, Rajabi L, Vatanpour V, Derakhshan AA, Zinadini S, Ghorabi S, Ahmadi Monfared H (2012) Novel chitosan/poly(vinyl) alcohol thin adsorptive membranes modified with amino functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes for Cu(II) removal from water: preparation, characterization, adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics. Sep Purif Technol 89:309–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2012.02.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Selvaraj V, Alagar M, Kumar K (2007) Synthesis and characterization of metal nanoparticles-decorated PPY–CNT composite and their electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid and formaldehyde for fuel cell applications. Appl Catal B Environ 75:129–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2007.03.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar