Melting and solidification behavior of Cu/Al and Ti/Al bimetallic core/shell nanoparticles during additive manufacturing by molecular dynamics simulation
- 239 Downloads
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed to investigate the role of core volume fraction and number of fusing nanoparticles (NPs) on the melting and solidification of Cu/Al and Ti/Al bimetallic core/shell NPs during a superfast heating and slow cooling process, roughly mimicking the conditions of selective laser melting (SLM). One recent trend in the SLM process is the rapid prototyping of nanoscopically heterogeneous alloys, wherein the precious core metal maintains its particulate nature in the final manufactured part. With this potential application in focus, the current work reveals the fundamental role of the interface in the two-stage melting of the core/shell alloy NPs. For a two-NP system, the melting zone gets broader as the core volume fraction increases. This effect is more pronounced for the Ti/Al system than the Cu/Al system because of a larger difference between the melting temperatures of the shell and core metals in the former than the latter. In a larger six-NP system (more nanoscopically heterogeneous), the melting and solidification temperatures of the shell Al roughly coincide, irrespective of the heating or cooling rate, implying that in the SLM process, the part manufacturing time can be reduced due to solidification taking place at higher temperatures. The nanostructure evolution during the cooling of six-NP systems is further investigated.
KeywordsMolecular dynamics simulation Selective laser melting Core/shell Nanoparticles Melting Solidification Nanostructure
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Huang R, Shao GF, Zeng, XM, Wen, YH (2014) Diverse melting modes and structural collapse of hollow bimetallic core-shell nanoparticles: A perspective from molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep 4:7051Google Scholar
- Joshi AM, Kumar A, Krishnan K, et al (2016) Powders for additive manufacturingGoogle Scholar
- Langlois C, Li ZL, Yuan J et al (2012) Transition from core–shell to Janus chemical configuration for bimetallic nanoparticles. Nano 4:3381–3388Google Scholar