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Oxidative potential of silver nanoparticles measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

  • Bryan HellackEmail author
  • Carmen Nickel
  • Roel P. F. Schins
Brief Communication
  • 249 Downloads

Abstract

The oxidative potential (OP) of engineered nanomaterials (NM) is considered as promising metric for nanosafety research and risk assessment. Here, we present findings on the analysis of the oxidative potential of three different silver NM by means of a complementary electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy-based approach, i.e., using the spin trap DMPO (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide) and the spin probe CPH (l-hydroxy-3-carboxy-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine hydrochloride). The results revealed that both methods are principally applicable for OP analysis of nanosilver. However, one of the Ag NM (i.e., NM300) did not cause notable OH▪ generation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, while a clear OP was detected using the CPH method for all three Ag NPs tested. For the NM300, also a strong OH▪ scavenging potency could be demonstrated, which was due to its surfactant-containing dispersant. This finding may explain for the reported differences in effects of this widely applied reference nanosilver versus other types of Ag NM in toxicological studies. Our findings also demonstrate the relevance of using more than one assay to determine the OP of NM in general.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy DMPO CPH Nanoparticles Oxidative potential Nanosilver Ag 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology (IUTA) e.VDuisburgGermany
  2. 2.IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental MedicineDüsseldorfGermany

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