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Morphology evolution of gold nanoparticles as function of time, temperature, and Au(III)/sodium ascorbate molar ratio

  • Ornella Priolisi
  • Alberto Fabrizi
  • Giovanna Deon
  • Franco Bonollo
  • Stefano Cattini
Research Paper

Abstract

In this work the morphology evolution of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs), obtained by direct reduction, was studied as a function of time, temperature, and Au(III)/sodium ascorbate molar ratio. The NPs morphology was examined by transmission electron microscope with image analysis, while time evolution was investigated by visible and near-infrared absorption spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering. It is found that initially formed star-like NPs transform in more spheroidal particles and the evolution appears more rapid by increasing the temperature while a large amount of reducing agent prevents the remodeling of AuNPs. An explication of morphology evolution is proposed.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Gold nanoparticles Star-like morphology Crystal growth Multi-twinned particles NPs nucleation NPs morphology evolution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank all the students of “De Pretto” Technical Institute (Schio, Italy) who participated in this work by providing a valuable technical support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no potential conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ornella Priolisi
    • 1
  • Alberto Fabrizi
    • 2
  • Giovanna Deon
    • 1
  • Franco Bonollo
    • 2
  • Stefano Cattini
    • 3
  1. 1.ITIS “De Pretto”SchioItaly
  2. 2.Department of Management and EngineeringUniversity of PadovaVicenzaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Enzo FerrariUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly

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