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Chitosan: poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone-alt-itaconic anhydride) nanocapsules—a promising alternative for the lung cancer treatment

  • Delia Mihaela Raţă
  • Jean-François Chailan
  • Cătălina Anişoara Peptu
  • Marcel Costuleanu
  • Marcel Popa
Research Paper

Abstract

This study reports the preparation of novel polymeric nanocapsules based on a natural polymer, chitosan and a synthetic one, poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone-alt-itaconic anhydride) [(poly(NVPAI)] using an interfacial condensation technique. The infrared spectroscopy studies confirmed the crosslinking through the presence of amide bonds, formed between the two polymers chains. The diameter of nanocapsules was found in the range of 126–214 nm and it was determined by dynamic light scattering method. Morphological characterization demonstrated their nano size, the spherical shape of the nanocapsules and the formation of hollow particles. The nanocapsules presented good swelling capacity in aqueous solutions. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) loading and release capacity was studied, the processes being controlled by the drug diffusion through the polymeric membrane. The obtained results were encouraging, showing that 5-FU-loaded nanocapsules had 70 % higher apoptotic effect on A549 tumour cells than the drug in free state or mixed with the nanocapsules.

Keywords

Polymeric nanocapsules Interfacial condensation 5-Fluorouracil Apoptotic effect Lung cancer Nanomedicine Health effects 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Delia Mihaela Raţă
    • 2
  • Jean-François Chailan
    • 3
  • Cătălina Anişoara Peptu
    • 1
  • Marcel Costuleanu
    • 4
  • Marcel Popa
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Natural and Synthetic Polymers, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection“Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of IasiIasiRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Medical Dentistry, „Academician Ioan Haulică” Research Institute„Apollonia” University of IasiIasiRomania
  3. 3.« Matériaux-Polymères-Interfaces-Environnement Marin (MAPIEM) LaboratoryUniversity of Sud Toulon-VarLa Garde CedexFrance
  4. 4.Department of General Pathology, Faculty of Dental MedicineUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T. Popa”- IaşiIasiRomania
  5. 5.Academy of Romanian ScientistsBucharestRomania

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