Selective and reactive hydration of nitriles to amides in water using silver nanoparticles stabilized by organic ligands

  • Koji Kawai
  • Hayato Kawakami
  • Takashi Narushima
  • Tetsu YonezawaEmail author
Research Paper


Water-dispersible silver nanoparticles stabilized by silver–carbon covalent bonds were prepared. They exhibited high catalytic activities for the selective hydration of nitriles to amides in water. The activation of a nitrile group by the functional groups of the substrates and the hydrophobic layer on the nanoparticles influenced the catalyzed reaction were confirmed. Alkyl nitriles could also be selectively hydrated.


Silver nanoparticles Hydration Nitrile Colloid Metal–carbon bond Environment 



TY thanks the partial financial support from Hokkaido University. Fruitful discussions with K. Kamino and K. Sugiyama (Miyoshi Oil and Fat Co., Ltd.) are gratefully acknowledged. This work is partially supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) to TY (24241041).

Supplementary material

11051_2014_2816_MOESM1_ESM.doc (142 kb)
The online version of this article contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. Supplementary material 1 (DOC 142 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koji Kawai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hayato Kawakami
    • 2
  • Takashi Narushima
    • 1
  • Tetsu Yonezawa
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Miyoshi Oil & Fat Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan

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