Transport of poly(acrylic acid) coated 2-line ferrihydrite nanoparticles in saturated aquifer sediments for environmental remediation

  • Aishuang Xiang
  • Sheng Zhou
  • Bruce E. Koel
  • Peter R. Jaffé
Research Paper
  • 252 Downloads

Abstract

Groundwater remediation using iron oxide and zero-valent iron nanoparticles (NPs) can be effective, but is limited in many applications due to the NP strong retention in groundwater-saturated porous media after injection, the passivation of the porous surface, and the high cost of nanomaterials versus macro scale iron. In this study, we investigated transport of bare and polymer-coated 2-line ferrihydrite NPs (30–300 nm) in saturated aquifer sediments. The influence of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) polymer coatings was studied on the colloidal stability and transport in sediments packed column tests simulating groundwater flow in saturated sediments. In addition, the influence of calcium cations was investigated by transport measurements using sediments with calcium concentrations in the aqueous phase ranging from 0.5 (typical for most sediments) to 2 mM. Measurements were also made of zeta potential, hydrodynamic diameter, polymer adsorption and desorption properties, and bio-availability of PAA-coated NPs. We found that NP transport through the saturated aquifer sediments was improved by PAA coating and that the transport properties could be tuned by adjusting the polymer concentration. We further discovered that PAA coatings enhanced NP transport, compared to bare NPs, in all calcium-containing experiments tested, however, the presence of calcium always exhibited a negative effect on NP transport. In tests of bioavailability, the iron reduction rate of the coated and bare NPs by Geobacter sulfurreducens was the same, which shows that the PAA coating does not significantly reduce NP Fe(III) bioavailability. Our results demonstrate that much improved transport of iron oxide NP can be achieved in saturated aquifer sediments by introducing negatively charged polyelectrolytes and optimizing polymer concentrations, and furthermore, these coated NPs retain their bioavailability that is needed for applications in bio-environmental remediation.

Keywords

Transport Iron oxide nanoparticles Poly(acrylic acid) Groundwater remediation Bio-availability Iron reduction Environment 

Supplementary material

11051_2014_2294_MOESM1_ESM.docx (178 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 178 kb)

References

  1. Anderson RT, Vrionis HA, Ortiz-Bernad I, Resch CT, Long PE, Dayvault R, Karp K, Marutzky S, Metzler DR, Peacock A, White DC, Lowe M, Lovley DR (2003) Stimulating the in situ activity of Geobacter species to remove uranium from the groundwater of a uranium-contaminated aquifer. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:5884–5891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Choi H, Al-Abed SR, Agarwal S, Dionysiou DD (2008) Synthesis of reactive nano-Fe/Pd bimetallic system-impregnated activated carbon for the simultaneous adsorption and dechlorination of PCBs. Chem Mater 20(11):3649–3655. doi:10.1021/cm8003613 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cornell RM, Schwertmann U (2003) The iron oxides: structure, properties, reactions, occurrences and uses. Wiley-VCH, WeinheimCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ghosh S, Jiang W, McClements JD, Xing B (2011) Colloidal stability of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: influence of natural organic matter and synthetic polyelectrolytes. Langmuir 27:8036–8043. doi:10.1021/la200772e CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Holsen TM, Taylor ER, Seo YC, Anderson PR (1991) Removal of sparingly soluble organic chemicals from aqueous solutions with surfactant-coated ferrihydrite. Environ Sci Technol 25:1585–1589. doi:10.1021/es00021a009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hunter RJ (1988) Zeta potential in colloid science: principles and applications. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Komlos J, Jaffé PR (2004) Effect of iron bioavailability on dissolved hydrogen concentrations during microbial iron reduction. Biodegradation 15:315–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Komlos J, Peacock A, Kukkadapu RK, Jaffé PR (2008) Long-term dynamics of uranium reduction/reoxidation under low sulfate conditions. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 72(15):3603–3615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Moon HS, Komlos J, Jaffé PR (2007) Uranium reoxidation in previously bioreduced sediment by dissolved oxygen and nitrate. Environ Sci Technol 41(13):4587–4592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Moon HS, McGuiness L, Kukkadapu RK, Peacock AD, Komlos J, Kerkhof LJ, Long PE, Jaffé PR (2010) Microbial reduction of uranium under iron- and sulfate-reducing conditions: effect of amended goethite on microbial community composition and dynamics. Water Res 44:4015–4028. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.05.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Murdock RC, Braydich-Stolle L, Schrand AM, Schlager JJ, Hussain SM (2008) Characterization of nanomaterial dispersion in solution prior to in vitro exposure using dynamic light scattering technique. Toxicol Sci 101(2):239–253. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm240 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Quinn J, Geiger C, Clausen C, Brooks K, Coon C, O’Hara S, Krug T, Major D, Yoon WS, Gavaskar A, Holdsworth T (2005) Field demonstration of DNAPL dehalogenation using emulsified zero-valent iron. Environ Sci Technol 39(5):1309–1318. doi:10.1021/es0490018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schrick B, Hydutsky BW, Blough JL, Mallouk TE (2004) Delivery vehicles for zerovalent metal nanoparticles in soil and groundwater. Chem Mater 16(11):2187–2193. doi:10.1021/cm0218108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Straub KL, Benz M, Schink B (2001) Iron metabolism in anoxic environments at near neutral pH. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 34(3):181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tan KH (2011) Principles of soil chemistry. Taylor and Financial Group CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  16. Tiraferri A, Sethi R (2009) Enhanced transport of zerovalent iron nanoparticles in saturated porous media by guar gum. J Nanopart Res 11:635–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Xiang A, Yan W, Koel BE, Jaffé RP (2013) Poly(acrylic acid) coating induced 2-line ferrihydrite nanoparticle transport in saturated porous media. J Nanopart Res 15:1705–1713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Zouboulis AI, Katsoyiannis IA (2005) Recent advances in the bioremediation of arsenic-contaminated groundwaters. Environ Int 31:213–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aishuang Xiang
    • 1
  • Sheng Zhou
    • 2
  • Bruce E. Koel
    • 1
  • Peter R. Jaffé
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biological EngineeringPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

Personalised recommendations