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Effect of the manufacturing parameters on the structure of nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes produced by catalytic laser-induced chemical vapor deposition

  • Iuliana P. Morjan
  • Rodica Alexandrescu
  • Ion Morjan
  • Catalin Luculescu
  • Eugeniu Vasile
  • Petre Osiceanu
  • Monica Scarisoreanu
  • Gabriela Demian
Research Paper

Abstract

Nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes (CNx-NTs), with a relatively high level of nitrogen doping were prepared by the catalytic laser-induced CVD method. The nanotubes were catalytically grown directly on a silicon substrate from C2H2/NH3 gaseous precursors. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) give firm evidence for the nitrogen doping. As determined by XPS, the N concentration for the prepared CNx-NTs increases from 3.6 to 30.6 at.% with increasing ammonia concentration and pressure. TEM images indicate that the nanotubes are bamboo like. As the nitrogen content increases, there is a transition from the bamboo shape with few defects and little distortion to a corrugated structure with a much larger number of defects. Raman spectroscopy revealed that with increasing nitrogen concentration, there is more disorder and defects, together with an increase in I D/I G ratio. By energy-filtering TEM, a higher N concentration was found on the outer amorphous nanolayer than in the compartment core of the nanotubes.

Keywords

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes Catalyst nanoparticles Laser-induced chemical vapor deposition Bamboo-like structure 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The first author (I. P. M.) gratefully acknowledges financial support in the frame of the Project POSDRU/89/1.5/S/63700.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iuliana P. Morjan
    • 1
  • Rodica Alexandrescu
    • 1
  • Ion Morjan
    • 1
  • Catalin Luculescu
    • 1
  • Eugeniu Vasile
    • 2
  • Petre Osiceanu
    • 3
  • Monica Scarisoreanu
    • 1
  • Gabriela Demian
    • 4
  1. 1.National Institute for LasersPlasma and Radiation PhysicsBucharestRomania
  2. 2.METAV-R&DBucharestRomania
  3. 3.“Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry, Romanian AcademyBucharestRomania
  4. 4.Faculty of MechanicsUniversity of CraiovaCraiovaRomania

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