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Nanotechnology and clean energy: sustainable utilization and supply of critical materials

  • Neil A. Fromer
  • Mamadou S. Diallo
Perspectives
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Nanotechnology for Sustainable Development

Abstract

Advances in nanoscale science and engineering suggest that many of the current problems involving the sustainable utilization and supply of critical materials in clean and renewable energy technologies could be addressed using (i) nanostructured materials with enhanced electronic, optical, magnetic and catalytic properties and (ii) nanotechnology-based separation materials and systems that can recover critical materials from non-traditional sources including mine tailings, industrial wastewater and electronic wastes with minimum environmental impact. This article discusses the utilization of nanotechnology to improve or achieve materials sustainability for energy generation, conversion and storage. We highlight recent advances and discuss opportunities of utilizing nanotechnology to address materials sustainability for clean and renewable energy technologies.

Keywords

Critical materials Clean energy Nanotechnology Urban mining 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Neil A. Fromer thanks the Resnick Sustainability Institute, as well as the LMI-EFRC, Rod Eggert, and Jack Lifton and the other attendees of the Resnick Institute critical materials workshop for helpful discussions. Mamadou Diallo thanks the EEWS Initiative (Grant # NT080607C0209721), the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) [MEST grant No. 2012M1A2A2026588] and the National Science Foundation (NSF) of United States [CBET grants 0948485 and 0506951] for funding his research on sustainable chemistry, engineering and materials (SusChEM).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Resnick Sustainability InstituteCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of Energy, Environment, Water and Sustainability (EEWS)Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Environmental Engineering and Science, Division of Engineering and Applied ScienceCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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