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Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, 15:1934 | Cite as

Preparation of cholesterol oxidase nanoparticles and their application in amperometric determination of cholesterol

  • Sheetal Chawla
  • Rachna Rawal
  • Sonia
  • Ramrati
  • C. S. PundirEmail author
Research Paper

Abstract

The nanoparticle (NP) aggregates of commercial cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) were prepared by desolvation method. The formation and characterization of ChOxNP aggregates were studied by transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. NP aggregates were more stable, active and had a higher shelf life than that of free enzyme. An amperometric cholesterol biosensor was constructed by immobilizing ChOxNPs onto Au electrode. The biosensor showed optimum response within 8 s at pH 6.0 and 35 °C, when polarized at +0.27 V versus Ag/AgCl. The biosensor possesses high sensitivity and measures cholesterol concentrations as low as 1.56 mg/dl. The working linear range was 12.5–700 mg/dl for cholesterol. The biosensor was evaluated and employed for measurement of total cholesterol in human serum. The enzyme electrode lost 50 % of its initial activity during its regular use for 180 times over a period of 90 days when stored in 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0 at 4 °C.

Keywords

Cholesterol oxidase nanoparticles Cholesterol biosensor Au electrode Serum cholesterol 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheetal Chawla
    • 1
  • Rachna Rawal
    • 1
  • Sonia
    • 1
  • Ramrati
    • 1
  • C. S. Pundir
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryM. D. UniversityRohtakIndia

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