Effect of surrounding gas temperature on the morphological evolution of TiO2 nanoparticles generated by laser ablation in tubular furnace

  • Masayuki Tsuji
  • Takafumi SetoEmail author
  • Yoshio Otani
Research Paper


Titanium oxide nanoparticles are synthesized by laser ablation of Ti target in oxygen atmosphere under well-controlled temperature profiles in a tubular furnace. The size and the shape of generated nanoparticles are varied by changing the temperature of furnace. The mobility-based size distributions of generated air-borne nanoparticles are measured using a scanning mobility particle sizer, and the size distributions of primary particles are analyzed by a scanning electron microscope. When the particles are generated by laser ablation at the room temperature, the particles are agglomerates in gas phase with the average mobility diameter of 117 nm and the mean diameter of primary particles of 11 nm. The primary particle diameter increases from 11 to 24 nm by raising the furnace temperature up to 800 °C. Since the mass of Ti vapor ablated from a target is found to be constant regardless of the furnace temperature, this particle growth may be attributed to the reduction in nuclei number as a result of mild quenching at higher temperatures. As the temperature reaches higher than 1,000 °C, the mobility diameter suddenly drops and the primary particle diameter increases due to sintering, and at 1,200 °C the mobility diameter coincides with the primary particle diameter. Since the laser oven method offers an independent control of vapor concentration and the temperature of surrounding atmosphere, it is an effective tool to study the formation process of nanoparticles from primary particles with a given size.


Titania nanoparticles Aerosol Laser ablation Agglomeration Nucleation Sintering 



The authors thank Dr. Kenji Koga at National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology for his help in carrying out the measurement by transmission electron microscope. This study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Scientific Research (b) (No. 23360338) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Material EngineeringKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan

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