Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 1459–1467 | Cite as

A novel femtosecond-laser formation of CdS nanocrystallites in zirconia matrices

  • Katarzyna RaulinEmail author
  • Odile Cristini-Robbe
  • Patrice Baldeck
  • Olivier Stéphan
  • Christophe Kinowski
  • Sylvia Turrell
  • Bruno Capoen
  • Mohamed Bouazaoui
Research Paper


A novel method for direct laser writing of two-dimensional cadmium sulfide (CdS) semiconductor nanoparticle microstructures is reported. A two photon or a higher-order multiphoton absorption process, originating from femtosecond laser pulses, was used to decompose CdS precursors dispersed in a zirconia thin film previously dip-coated on a glass substrate. The kinetics of nanoparticle formation as a function of laser power were monitored in situ by photoluminescence spectroscopy. Raman spectroscopy was also performed to characterize the structural changes of the zirconia matrix under irradiation and to verify the formation of CdS nanoparticles. Results show that CdS nanoparticles were formed by two-photon absorption (TPA) with or without the help of an additional carbazole photoinitiator.


CdS Localized nanoparticle formation Two-photon absorption Sol–gel Zirconia films 



This study has been partially supported by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche and, more particularly, the PNANO (national Program in Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies) project POMESCO (Organized Photo-growth of Metallic and Semi-Conductor nano-objects intended to Optic devices). K. Raulin wishes to acknowledge the financial support of the French Minister of Research and Education.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katarzyna Raulin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Odile Cristini-Robbe
    • 1
  • Patrice Baldeck
    • 3
  • Olivier Stéphan
    • 3
  • Christophe Kinowski
    • 1
  • Sylvia Turrell
    • 1
  • Bruno Capoen
    • 2
  • Mohamed Bouazaoui
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Spectrochimie Infrarouge et Raman (CNRS, UMR 8516), Bât. C-5, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Lasers et Applications (CERLA-FR CNRS 2416)Université des Sciences et Technologies de LilleVilleneuve d’AscqFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes et Molécules (CNRS, UMR 8523), Bât. P-5, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Lasers et Applications (CERLA-FR CNRS 2416)Université des Sciences et Technologies de LilleVilleneuve d’AscqFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Spectrométrie Physique (CNRS, UMR 5588)Université Joseph-Fourier-CNRSSaint-Martin-d’HèresFrance

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