Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 507–517 | Cite as

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles: technological concepts and future applications

  • Prashant Mohanpuria
  • Nisha K. Rana
  • Sudesh Kumar Yadav
Technology and Applications

Abstract

Nanotechnology involves the production, manipulation and use of materials ranging in size from less than a micron to that of individual atoms. Although nanomaterials may be synthesized using chemical approaches, it is now possible to include the use of biological materials. In this review, we critically assess the role of microorganisms and plants in the synthesis of nanoparticles.

Keywords

Biologicals Nanoparticles biosynthesis Nanoparticles applications Nanotechnology Plants Microorganisms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to Dr. P.S. Ahuja, Director, IHBT for his valuable suggestions during writing of this article. We would like to acknowledge Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Govt. of India, New Delhi for providing continuous financial support for our research work. The IHBT communication number of this article is 755.

References

  1. Ahmad A, Mukherjee P, Mandal D, Senapati S, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2002) Enzyme mediated extracellular synthesis of CdS nanoparticles by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. J Am Chem Soc 124:12108–12109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad A, Mukherjee P, Senapati S, Mandal D, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2003) Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Colloids Surf B Biointerf 28:313–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad A, Senapati S, Khan MI, Kumar R, Ramani R, Srinivas V, Sastry M (2003a) Intracellular synthesis of gold nanoparticles by a novel alkalotolerant actinomycete, Rhodococcus species. Nanotechnology 14:824–828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahmad A, Senapati S, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2003b) Extracellular biosynthesis of monodisperse gold nanoparticles by a novel extremophilic actinomycete, Thermomonospora sp. Langmuir 19: 3550–3553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahmad A, Senapati S, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2005) Extra-/intracellular, biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles by an alkalotolerant fungus, Trichothecium sp. J Biomed Nanotechnol 1:47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ankamwar B, Damle C, Absar A, Mural S (2005a) Biosynthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Emblica Officinalis fruit extract, their phase transfer and transmetallation in an organic solution. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 10:1665–1671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ankamwar B, Chaudhary M, Mural S (2005b) Gold nanotriangles biologically synthesized using tamarind leaf extract and potential application in vapor sensing. Synth React Inorg Metal-Org Nanometal Chem 35:19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Armendariz V, Herrera I, Peralta-Videa JR, Jose-Yacaman M, Troiani H, Santiago P, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2004) Size controlled gold nanoparticle formation by Avena sativa biomass: use of plants in nanobiotechnology. J Nanoparticle Res 6:377–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Austin RH, Tegenfeldt JO, Cao H, Chou SY, Cox EC (2002) Scanning the controls: genomics and nanotechnology. IEEE Transac Nanotechnol 1:12–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bansal V, Rautaray D, Ahmad A, Sastry M (2004) Biosynthesis of zirconia nanoparticles using the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. J Materials Chem 14:3303–3305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bansal V, Rautaray D, Bharde A, Ahire K, Sanyal A, Ahmad A, Sastry M (2005) Fungus-mediated biosynthesis of silica and titania particles. J Mater Chem 15:2583–2589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bansal V, Poddar P, Ahmad A, Sastry M (2006) Room-temperature biosynthesis of ferroelectric barium titanate nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 128:11958–11963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bayer ME, Bayer MH (1991) Lanthanide accumulation in the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli B. J Bacteriol 173:141–149Google Scholar
  14. Bhainsa KC, D’Souza SF (2006) Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. Colloids Surf B: Biointerf 47:160–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bharde A, Rautaray D, Bansal V, Ahmad A, Sarkar I, Yusuf SM, Sanyal M, Sastry M (2006) Extracellular biosynthesis of magnetite using fungi. Small 2:135–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bhattacharya D, Rajinder G (2005) Nanotechnology and potential of microorganisms. Crit Rev Biotechnol 25:199–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Chandran SP, ChaudharyM, Pasricha R, Ahmad A, Sastry M (2006) Synthesis of gold nanotriangles and silver nanoparticles using Aloe vera plant extract. Biotechnol Prog 22:577–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chandrasekharan N, Kamat PV (2000) Improving the photoelectrochemical performance of nanostructured TiO2 films by adsorption of gold nanoparticles. J Phys Chem B 104:10851–10857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Chen AA, Derfus AM, Khetani SR, Bhatia SN (2005) Quantum dots to monitor RNAi delivery and improve gene silencing. Nucleic Acids Res 33:e190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chiu YL, Ali A, Chu CY, Cao H, Rana TM (2004) Visualizing a correlation between siRNA localization, cellular uptake, and RNAi in living cells. Chem Biol 11:1165–1175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dameron CT, Reeser RN, Mehra RK, Kortan AR, Carroll PJ, Steigerwaldm ML, Brus LE, Winge DR (1989) Biosynthesis of cadmium sulphide quantum semiconductor crystallites. Nature 338:596–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Durán N, Marcato PD, Alves OL, De Souza GIH, Esposito E (2005) Mechanistic aspects of biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by several Fusarium oxysporum strains. J Nanobiotechnol 3:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Durán N, Marcato PD, De S, Gabriel IH, Alves OL, Esposito E (2007) Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles produced by fungal process on textile fabrics and their effluent treatment. J Biomed Nanotechnol 3:203–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gardea-Torresdey JL, Tiemann KJ, Parsons JG, Gamez G, Yacaman MJ (2002) Characterization of trace level Au(III) binding to alfalfa biomass (Medicago sativa) by GFAA. Adv Environ Res 6:313–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gardea-Torresdey JL, Gomez E, Peralta-Videa JR, Parsons JG, Troiani H, Jose-Yacaman M (2003) Alfalfa sprouts: a natural source for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Langmuir 19:1357–1361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gericke M, Pinches A (2006a) Biological synthesis of metal nanoparticles. Hydrometallurgy 83:132–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gericke M, Pinches A (2006b) Microbial production of gold nanoparticles. Gold Bull 39:22–28Google Scholar
  28. Huang J, Li Q, Sun D, Lu Y, Su Y, Yang X, Wang H, Wang Y, Shao W, He N, Hong J, Chen C (2007) Biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles by novel sundried Cinnamomum camphora leaf. Nanotechnology 18:105104–105114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Husseiny MI, El-Aziz MA, Badr Y, Mahmoud MA (2007) Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Spectrochim Acta A: Mol Biomol Spectrosc 67:1003–1006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jianrong C, Yuqing M, Nongyue H, Xiaohua W, Sijiao L (2004) Nanotechnology and biosensors. Biotechnol Adv 22:505–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Joerger R, Klaus T, Olsson E, Granqvist CG (1999) Spectrally selective solar absorber coatings prepared by a biomimetic technique. Proc Soc Photo-Opt Instrum Eng 3789:2–7Google Scholar
  32. Joerger R, Klaus T, Granqvist CG (2000) Biologically produced silver-carbon composite materials for optically functional thin film coatings. Adv Mater 12:407–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kakizawa Y, Furukawa S, Kataoka K (2004) Block copolymer-coated calcium phosphate nanoparticles sensing intracellular environment for oligodeoxynucleotide and siRNA delivery. J Control Release 97:345–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Klaus T, Joerger R, Olsson E, Granqvist CG (1999) Silver based crystalline nanoparticles, microbially fabricated. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:13611–13614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Klaus T, Joerger R, Olsson E, Granqvist CG (2001) Bacteria as workers in the living factory: metal-accumulating bacteria and their potential for materials science. Trends Biotechnol 19:15–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kowshik M, Deshmukh N, Vogel W, Urban J, Kulkarni SK, Paknikar KM (2002) Microbial synthesis of semiconductor CdS nanoparticles, their characterization, and their use in the fabrication of an ideal diode. Biotechnol Bioeng 78:583–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kowshik M, Ashtaputre S, Kharrazi S, Vogel W, Urban J, Kulkarni SK, Paknikar KM (2003) Extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles by a silver-tolerant yeast strain MKY3. Nanotechnology 14:95–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Krolikowska A, Kudelski A, Michota A, Bukowska J (2003) SERS studies on the structure of thioglycolic acid monolayers on silver and gold. Surf Sci 532:227–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kumar CV, McLendon GL (1997) Nanoencapsulation of cytochrome c and horseradish peroxidase at the galleries of α-zirconium phosphate. Chem Mater 9:863–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kumar A, Mandal S, Selvakannan PR, Parischa R, Mandale AB, Sastry M (2003) Investigation into the interaction between surface-bound alkylamines and gold nanoparticles. Langmuir 19:6277–6282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kumar SA, Abyaneh MK, Gosavi SW, Kulkarni SK, Pasricha R, Ahmad A, Khan MI (2007a) Nitrate reductase-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles from AgNO3. Biotechnol Lett 29:439–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kumar SA, Ayoobul AA, Absar A, Khan MI (2007b) Extracellular biosynthesis of CdSe quantum dots by the fungus, Fusarium Oxysporum. J Biomed Nanotechnol 3:190–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Lengke M, Southam G (2006) Bioaccumulation of gold by sulfate-reducing bacteria cultured in the presence of gold(I)-thiosulfate complex. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 70:3646–3661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lengke M, Fleet ME, Southam G (2006a) Morphology of gold nanoparticles synthesized by filamentous cyanobacteria from gold(I)-thiosulfate and gold(III)-chloride complexes. Langmuir 22:2780–2787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lengke M, Ravel B, Fleet ME, Wanger G, Gordon RA, Southam G (2006b) Mechanisms of gold bioaccumulation by filamentous cyanobacteria from gold(III)-chloride complex. Environ Sci Technol 40:6304–6309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Macdonald IDG, Smith WE (1996) Orientation of cytochrome c adsorbed on a citrate-reduced silver colloid surface. Langmuir 12:706–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Mandal D, Bolander ME, Mukhopadhyay D, Sarkar G, Mukherjee P (2006) The use of microorganisms for the formation of metal nanoparticles and their application. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 69:485–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mann S (ed) (1996) Biomimetic materials chemistry. VCH Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  49. Matsunaga T (1991) Applications of bacterial magnets. Trends Biotechnol 9:91–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mukherjee P, Ahmad A, Mandal D, Senapati S, Sainkar SR, Khan MI, Parishcha R, Ajay PV, Alam M, Kumar R, Sastry M (2001) Fungus-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their immobilization in the mycelial matrix: a novel biological approach to nanoparticle synthesis. Nano Lett 1:515–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mukherjee P, Ahmad A, Mandal D, Senapati S, Sainkar SR, Khan MI, Ramani R, Parischa R, Kumar PAV, Alam M, Sastry M, Kumar R (2001a) Bioreduction of AuCl4 ions by the fungus, Verticillium sp. and surface trapping of the gold nanoparticles formed. Angew Chem Int Ed 40:3585–3588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Mukherjee P, Senapati S, Mandal D, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2002) Extracellular synthesis of gold nanoparticles by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Chem Bio Chem 3:461–463Google Scholar
  53. Mullen MD, Wolf DC, Ferris FG, Beveridge TJ, Flemming CA, Bailey GW (1989) Bacterial absorption of heavy metals. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:3143–3149Google Scholar
  54. Nair B, Pradeep T (2002) Coalescence of nanoclusters and formation of submicron crystallites assisted by Lactobacillus strains. Crystal Growth Design 4:295–298Google Scholar
  55. Ortiz DF, Ruscitti T, McCue KF, Ow DM (1995) Transport of metal binding peptides by HMT-1, a fission yeast ABC type vacuolar membrane protein. J Biol Chem 270:4721–4728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Pennadam SS, Firman K, Alexander C, Gorecki DC (2004) Protein-polymer nano-machines. Towards synthetic control of biological processes. J Nanobiotechnol 2:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Peto G, Molnar GL, Paszti Z, Geszti O, Beck A, Guczi L (2002) Electronic structure of gold nanoparticles deposited on SiOx/Si. Mater Sci Eng C 19:95–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Roh Y, Lauf RJ, McMillan AD, Zhang C, Rawn CJ, Bai J, Phelps TJ (2001) Microbial synthesis and the characterization of metal-substituted magnetites. Solid State Commun 118:529–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sastry M, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Kumar R (2003) Biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles using fungi and actinomycete. Curr Sci 85:162–170Google Scholar
  60. Sastry M, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Kumar R (2004) Microbial nanoparticle production. In: Niemeyer CM, Mirkin CA (eds) Nanobiotechnology. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, pp 126–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Schabes-Retchkiman PS, Canizal G, Herrera-Becerra R, Zorrilla C, Liu HB, Ascencio JA (2006) Biosynthesis and characterization of Ti/Ni bimetallic nanoparticles. Optical Materials 29:95–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Senapati S, Mandal D, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Sastry M, Kumar R (2004) Fungus mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: a novel biological approach. Indian J Phys 78A:101–105Google Scholar
  63. Senapati S, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Sastry M, Kumar R (2005) Extracellular biosynthesis of bimetallic Au–Ag alloy nanoparticles. Small 1:517–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Shankar SS, Absar A, Murali S (2003) Geranium leaf assisted biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. Biotechnol Prog 19:1627–1631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Shankar SS, Ahmad A, Pasrichaa R, Sastry M (2003a) Bioreduction of chloroaurate ions by geranium leaves and its endophytic fungus yields gold nanoparticles of different shapes. J Mater Chem 13:1822–1826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Shankar SS, Rai A, Ahmad A, Sastry M (2004) Rapid synthesis of Au, Ag, and bimetallic Au core–Ag shell nanoparticles using neem (Azadirachta indica), leaf broth. J Colloid Interf Sci 275:496–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Vigneshwaran N, Ashtaputre NM, Varadarajan PV, Nachane RP, Paralikar KM, Balasubramanya RH (2007) Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Aspergillus flavus. Mat Lett 61:1413–1418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Williams P, Keshavarz-Moore E, Dunnil P (1996) Production of cadmium sulphide microcrystallites in batch cultivation by saccharomyces pombe. J Biotechnol 48:259–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Yong P, Rowsen NA, Farr JPG, Harris IR, Macaskie LE (2002) Bioreduction and biocrystallization of palladium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans NCIMB 8307. Biotechnol Bioeng 80:369–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prashant Mohanpuria
    • 1
  • Nisha K. Rana
    • 1
  • Sudesh Kumar Yadav
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology DivisionInstitute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, CSIRPalampurIndia

Personalised recommendations