Biosynthesis of nanoparticles: technological concepts and future applications
- 11k Downloads
Nanotechnology involves the production, manipulation and use of materials ranging in size from less than a micron to that of individual atoms. Although nanomaterials may be synthesized using chemical approaches, it is now possible to include the use of biological materials. In this review, we critically assess the role of microorganisms and plants in the synthesis of nanoparticles.
KeywordsBiologicals Nanoparticles biosynthesis Nanoparticles applications Nanotechnology Plants Microorganisms
Authors are thankful to Dr. P.S. Ahuja, Director, IHBT for his valuable suggestions during writing of this article. We would like to acknowledge Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Govt. of India, New Delhi for providing continuous financial support for our research work. The IHBT communication number of this article is 755.
- Bayer ME, Bayer MH (1991) Lanthanide accumulation in the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli B. J Bacteriol 173:141–149Google Scholar
- Gericke M, Pinches A (2006b) Microbial production of gold nanoparticles. Gold Bull 39:22–28Google Scholar
- Joerger R, Klaus T, Olsson E, Granqvist CG (1999) Spectrally selective solar absorber coatings prepared by a biomimetic technique. Proc Soc Photo-Opt Instrum Eng 3789:2–7Google Scholar
- Mann S (ed) (1996) Biomimetic materials chemistry. VCH Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Mukherjee P, Ahmad A, Mandal D, Senapati S, Sainkar SR, Khan MI, Parishcha R, Ajay PV, Alam M, Kumar R, Sastry M (2001) Fungus-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their immobilization in the mycelial matrix: a novel biological approach to nanoparticle synthesis. Nano Lett 1:515–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mukherjee P, Senapati S, Mandal D, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2002) Extracellular synthesis of gold nanoparticles by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Chem Bio Chem 3:461–463Google Scholar
- Mullen MD, Wolf DC, Ferris FG, Beveridge TJ, Flemming CA, Bailey GW (1989) Bacterial absorption of heavy metals. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:3143–3149Google Scholar
- Nair B, Pradeep T (2002) Coalescence of nanoclusters and formation of submicron crystallites assisted by Lactobacillus strains. Crystal Growth Design 4:295–298Google Scholar
- Sastry M, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Kumar R (2003) Biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles using fungi and actinomycete. Curr Sci 85:162–170Google Scholar
- Senapati S, Mandal D, Ahmad A, Khan MI, Sastry M, Kumar R (2004) Fungus mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: a novel biological approach. Indian J Phys 78A:101–105Google Scholar