Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 415–427

Grafting of PMMA brushes on titania nanoparticulate surface via surface-initiated conventional radical and “controlled” radical polymerization (ATRP)

  • G. K. Raghuraman
  • Jürgen Rühe
  • Raghavachari Dhamodharan
Research Paper


Stable dispersion of titania nanoparticles in organic solvents are obtained by grafting poly(methyl methacrylate) layer on to the surface. Titania nanoparticles are synthesized through the hydrolysis of titanium (IV) isopropoxide. The average size of the titania particles is found to be 15 ± 2 nm. The polymer layer was introduced onto the surface by immobilizing the initiating moiety. Azo initiator moiety required for surface-initiated conventional free radical polymerization and a tertiary bromide initiator moiety required for ATRP are attached covalently to the titania nanoparticulate surface through the surface hydroxyl groups. The “encapsulation” of PMMA layer results in the steric stabilization of the titania nanoparticles. Another important finding is that it is possible to grow polymer layer in a controlled fashion.


Titania nanoparticles Surface-initiated polymerization ATRP Hydridosilane Polymer brushes Polymer encapsulation Composite nanomaterial 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. K. Raghuraman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jürgen Rühe
    • 2
  • Raghavachari Dhamodharan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of Technology, MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Microsystems and Technology (IMTEK)University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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