Luminescence of porous silicon derived nanocrystals dispersed in water: dependence on initial porous silicon oxidation
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Aqueous solutions of silicon nanocrystals have been obtained, by sonication, from porous Si (p-Si) aged in air for various times. The photoluminescence of these solutions changes with the aging time of p-Si. These changes correlate with nanocrystal core dimensions, i.e. with the oxidation of the nanocrystals. Infrared spectra show that the reaction with water depends on the age of the starting p-Si sample, since the native superficial oxide layer on p-Si inhibits these reactions.
Keywordssilicon nanoparticles luminescence surface groups reaction with water aging colloids
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