Natural Language Semantics

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 29–61

Proportions in time: interactions of quantification and aspect

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11050-008-9038-y

Cite this article as:
Hallman, P. Nat Lang Semantics (2009) 17: 29. doi:10.1007/s11050-008-9038-y

Abstract

Proportional quantification and progressive aspect interact in English in revealing ways. This paper investigates these interactions and draws conclusions about the semantics of the progressive and telicity. In the scope of the progressive, the proportion named by a proportionality quantifier (e.g. most in The software was detecting most errors) must hold in every subevent of the event so described, indicating that a predicate in the scope of the progressive is interpreted as an internally homogeneous activity. Such an activity interpretation is argued to be available for telic predicates (e.g. cross the street) because these receive a partitive interpretation except in combination with a completive operator, which asserts that the event so described has culminated. The obligatoriness of the completive operator in the preterit is shown to parametrically distinguish those languages that show completion entailments in the preterit, e.g. English, from those that do not, e.g. Malagasy, Hindi, and Japanese.

Keywords

Progressive aspect Proportional quantification Telicity Situation theory Event semantics Intensionality 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsUCLALos AngelesUSA

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