Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 267–303

Exuberant exponence in Batsbi

Original Paper


Although multiple exponence has long been recognized by some, morpheme-based theories predict that it will not exist. To deal with the existence of double exponence in some languages, a variety of ways have been sought around the restrictions imposed by these theories. In Batsbi, a language of the Nakh-Dagestanian family, in principle as many as six markers may occur in a single verb (five gender-number markers and one person-number marker), each agreeing in many instances with the same argument; in fact, examples presented here have up to four agreement markers. The implications of this for linguistic theory are explored. An analysis is proposed in terms of word-based morphology.


Morphology Agreement Extended exponence Languages of the Caucasus 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsSUNY Stony BrookStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced StudyOsloNorway

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