Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 795–832 | Cite as

Object-sharing as Symmetric Sharing: predicate clefting and serial verbs in Dàgáárè

Original paper

Abstract

Dàgáárè (a Gur language) allows various patterns of predicate clefting together with object pied-piping. This article investigates interactions of Predicate Cleft Constructions (PCCs) and object-sharing Serial Verb Constructions (SVCs) in Dàgáárè and argues that the object in object-sharing SVCs is symmetrically shared. Namely, we argue, building on Citko (2005), that it is an instance of Parallel Merge. Thus we present support for Baker’s (1989) insight of the Double-Headedness and against Collins’ (1997) VP-shell structure with a pro. This kind of empirical evidence is not available in other languages (cf. Baker 1989, Collins 1997 among others) and hence Dàgáárè provides a novel argument for a permissible structure of object-sharing SVCs and the availability of symmetric structure in UG.

Keywords

Predicate cleft Serial verbs Object-sharing Double-Headedness Pied-piping Symmetry Parallel Merge Multi-dominance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abels, Klaus. 2001. The predicate cleft constructions in Russian. In Proceedings of the FASL 9, eds. Steven Franks, T.H. King, and M. Yadroff, 1–19. Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications. Google Scholar
  2. Abney, Steven. 1987. The English noun phrase in its sentential aspect. PhD dissertation, MIT. Google Scholar
  3. Aboh, Enoch Oladé. 2004. The morphosyntax of complement-head sequences: Clause structure and word order patterns in Kwa. New York: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  4. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and R.M.W. Dixon. 2006. Serial verb constructions: A cross-linguistic typology. New York: Oxford. Google Scholar
  5. Arad, Maya. 2005. Roots and patterns: Hebrew morphosyntax. Berlin: Springer. Google Scholar
  6. Awóbùrúyì, Oládélé. 1973. The modifying serial construction: A critique. Studies in African Linguistics 4: 87–110. Google Scholar
  7. Baker, Mark. 1989. Object sharing and projection in serial verb constructions. Linguistic Inquiry 20: 513–553. Google Scholar
  8. Baker, Mark, and Osamuyimen T. Stewart. 1999. On the double-headedness and the anatomy of the clause. Manuscript, Rutgers University. Google Scholar
  9. Baker, Mark, and Osamuyimen T. Stewart. 2002. A serial verb construction without constructions. Manuscript, Rutgers University. Google Scholar
  10. Bamgbose, Ayo. 1974. On serial verbs and verbal status. Journal of West African Linguistics 9: 17–48. Google Scholar
  11. Bernstein, Judy B. 2001. The dp hypothesis: Identifying clausal properties in the nominal domain. In The handbook of contemporary syntactic theory, eds. Mark Baltin and Chris Collins, 536–561. Oxford: Blackwell. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bodomo, Adams. 1997a. The structure of Dagaare. Stanford: CSLI. Google Scholar
  13. Bodomo, Adams. 1997b. Paths and pathfinders: exploring the syntax and semantics of complex verbal predicates in Dagaare and other languages. PhD dissertation, Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Google Scholar
  14. Bodomo, Adams. 2002. The syntax of serial verbs in Dagaare. In New directions in Ghanaian linguistics, eds. Felix Ameka and Kweku Osam, 27–54. Accra: Advent Press. Google Scholar
  15. Bodomo, Adams. 2004. The syntax of nominalized complex verbal predicates in Dagaare. Studia Linguistica 58(1): 1–22. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bodomo, Adams, and Olivia Lam. 2003. Modelling verb order in complex multi-verbal predicate constructions. Paper presented at the 17th Pacific Asia conference on language, information and computation, Singapore. Manuscript, University of Hong Kong. Google Scholar
  17. Cable, Seth. 2004. Predicate clefts and base-generation: Evidence from Yiddish and Brazilian Portuguese. Manuscript, MIT. Google Scholar
  18. Carnie, Andrew. 2007. Constituent structures. New York: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  19. Carstens, Vicki. 2002. Antisymmetry and word order in serial constructions. Language 78(1): 3–50. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chomsky, Noam.. 1970. Remarks on nominalization. In Studies on semantics in generative grammar, 11–61. The Hague: Mouton. Google Scholar
  21. Chomsky, Noam. 1995. The minimalist program. Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  22. Chomsky, Noam. 2000. Minimalist inquiries: The framework. In Step by step: Essays on minimalist syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik, eds. Roger Martin, David Michaels, and Juan Uriagereka, 89–155. Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  23. Chomsky, Noam. 2001. Derivation by phase. In Ken Hale: A life in language, ed. Michael Kenstowicz, 1–52. Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  24. Chomsky, Noam. 2004. Beyond explanatory adequacy. In Structures and beyond: The cartography of syntactic structures, vol. 3, ed. A. Belletti, 104–131. New York: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  25. Chomsky, Noam. 2008. On phases. In Foundational issues in linguistic theory, eds. Robert Freidin, Carlos P. Otero, and Maria Luisa Zubizarreta, 133–166. Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  26. Citko, Barbara. 2005. On the nature of merge: External merge, internal merge, and parallel merge. Linguistic Inquiry 36(4): 475–496. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Collins, Chris. 1993. Topics in Ewe Syntax. PhD dissertation, MIT. Google Scholar
  28. Collins, Chris. 1997. Argument sharing in serial verb constructions. Linguistic Inquiry 28(3): 461–497. Google Scholar
  29. Collins, Chris. 2001. Aspects of plurality in ‡Hoan. Language 77: 456–476. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Collins, Chris. 2002. Multiple verb movement in ‡Hoan. Linguistic Inquiry 33(1): 1–29. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Dakubu, Kropp M.E. 2000. The particle la in Gurenε. Gur Papers 5: 59–65. Google Scholar
  32. Dakubu, Kropp M.E. 2005. Dagaare: Collected language notes, vol. 26. Legon: Institute of African Studies. Google Scholar
  33. Déchaine, Rose-Marie. 1993. Predicates across categories: towards a category-neutral syntax. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Google Scholar
  34. DeGraff, Michel. 1994. A review of Travaux de recherche sur le créole haïtien, no. 8. The clausal determiners of Haitian and Fon. By Claire Lefebvre. Université du Québec à Montréal. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 9(2): 370–376. Google Scholar
  35. Diesing, Molly. 1992. Indefinites, Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  36. Durie, Mark. 1997. Grammatical structures in verb serialization. In Complex predicates, eds. Alex Alsina, Joan Bresnan, and Peter Sells, 289–354. Stanford: CSLI. Google Scholar
  37. Embick, David, and Alec Marantz. 2008. Architecture and blocking. Linguistic Inquiry 39(1): 1–53. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Goodall, Grant. 1987. Parallel structures in syntax, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar
  39. Hale, Ken. 1991. Misumalpan verb sequencing. In Serial verbs: Grammatical, comparative and cognitive approaches, ed. C. Lefebvre, 1–36. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
  40. Harbour, Daniel. 2008. Klivaj predika, or predicate clefts in Haitian. Lingua 118: 853–871. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Hiraiwa, Ken. 2005a. Predicate clefts in Bùlì: Phase and category. Linguistic Analysis: a special volume: African linguistics in the new millennium 32(3/4): 544–583. eds. R. Letsholo and N.C. Kula. Google Scholar
  42. Hiraiwa, Ken. 2005b. Dimensions of symmetry in syntax: agreement and clausal architecture. PhD dissertation, MIT. Google Scholar
  43. Kandybowicz, Jason. 2006. Conditions on multiple copy spell-out and the syntax phonology interface. PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. Google Scholar
  44. Kayne, Richard. 1994. The antisymmetry of syntax, Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  45. Kobele, Greg. 2006. Generating copies: An investigation into structural identity in language and grammar. PhD dissertation, UCLA. Google Scholar
  46. Koopman, Hilda. 1984. The syntax of verbs: from verb movement rules in the Kru languages to universal grammar, Dordrecht: Foris. Google Scholar
  47. Koopman, Hilda. 1999. Unifying predicate cleft constructions. In The syntax of specifiers and heads, 366–382. London and New York: Routledge. Google Scholar
  48. Larson, Richard. 2003. Event descriptions in Fon and Haitian Creole. In Creole languages from a generative perspective, ed. D. Adone. Tubingen: Niemeyer. Google Scholar
  49. Larson, Richard, and Claire Lefebvre. 1991. Predicate clefting in Haitian Creole. In The proceedings of the NELS 21, 247–261. Amherst: GLSA. Google Scholar
  50. Lasnik, Howard. 1981. Restricting the theory of transformations: A case study. In Explanations in linguistics, eds. Norvert Hornstein and David Lightfoot, 152–173. London: Longman. Google Scholar
  51. Lasnik, Howard. 1995. Verbal morphology: Syntactic structures meets the minimalist program. In Evolution and revolution in linguistic theory: Essays in honor of Carlos Otero, eds. Héctor Campos and Paula Kempchinsky, 251–275. Washington: Georgetown University Press [Reprinted in Minimalist analysis. Oxford: Blackwell. 1999]. Google Scholar
  52. Lee, Youngjoo. 2003. Serial verb constructions in Buli. In Studies in Buli grammar, eds. George Akanlig-Pare and Michael Kenstowicz. Vol. 4 of MIT working papers on endangered and less familiar languages, 97–116. Cambridge: MITWPL. Google Scholar
  53. Lefebvre, Claire. 1991. Serial verbs: Grammatical, comparative and cognitive approaches. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
  54. Lefebvre, Claire. 1992. Towards a typology of predicate cleft languages. In Travaux de recherche sur le créole haïtien: Numéro 8–Avril 1992, 69–80. Montréal: Départment de linguistique, Université du Québec à Montréal: Groupe de rechercher sur le créole haïtien. Google Scholar
  55. Lefebvre, Claire, and Anne-Marie Brousseau. 2002. A grammar of Fongbe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Google Scholar
  56. Lefebvre, Claire, and Pieter Muysken. 1988. Mixed categories: nominalization in Quechua. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. Google Scholar
  57. Li, Yafei. 1993. Structural head and aspectuality. Language 69(3): 480–504. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Lord, Carol. 1974. Causative constructions in Yoruba. Studies in African Linguistics Supplement 5: 195–204. Google Scholar
  59. Manfredi, Victor. 1993. Verb focus in the typology of Kwa/Kru and Haitian. In Focus and grammatical relations in Creole languages, eds. F. Byrne and D. Winford, 3–51. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
  60. Manfredi, Victor. n.d. Observations about “predicate clef”/verb focus in Yòrùbá serializations. Notes, Boston University. Google Scholar
  61. Manfredi, Victor, and Y. Láníran. 1988. Extraction from Yòrùbá serializations. Manuscript, Paper presented at the 2nd Niger-Congo Syntax and Semantics Workshop at MIT. Google Scholar
  62. Marantz, Alec. 1997. No escape from syntax: Don’t try morphological analysis in the privacy of your own lexicon. UPenn Working Papers in Linguistics 4(2): 201–225. Google Scholar
  63. Marantz, Alec. 2007. Phases and words. In Phases in the theory of grammar, ed. Sook-Hee Choe, 191–222. Seoul: Dong In. Google Scholar
  64. McCawley, James. 1982. Parentheticals and discontinuous constituent structure. Linguistic Inquiry 13: 91–106. Google Scholar
  65. Moro, Andrea. 2000. Dynamic antisymmetry. Cambridge: MIT Press. Google Scholar
  66. Muysken, Pieter. 1988. Parameters for serial verbs. In Niger-Congo syntax and semantics 1, ed. Victor Manfredi, 65–75. Boston: Boston University African Studies Center. Google Scholar
  67. Nishiyama, Kunio. 1998. V-V compounds as serialization. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 7: 175–217. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Ross, John Robert. 1967. Constraints on variables in syntax. PhD dissertation, MIT. Google Scholar
  69. Sebba, M. 1987. The syntax of serial verbs: an investigation into serialization in Sraman and other languages, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
  70. Stahlke, Herbert. 1970. Serial verbs. Studies in African Linguistics 1: 60–99. Google Scholar
  71. Stewart, Osamuyimen T. 2001. The serial verb construction parameter. New York: Garland. Google Scholar
  72. Szabolcsi, Anna. 1994. The noun phrase. In The syntax of Hungarian. Vol. 27 of Syntax and semantics, 179–274. San Diego: Academic Press. Google Scholar
  73. Travis, Lisa. 1991. Derived objects, inner aspect, and the structure of vp. A paper presented at NELS 22. Google Scholar
  74. Wilder, Chris. 1999. Right node raising and the LCA. In The proceedings of WCCFL 18, eds. Sonya Bird, et al., 586–598. Somerville: Cascadilla Press. Google Scholar
  75. Yang, Charles D. 1999. Unordered merge and its linearization. Syntax 2(1): 38–64. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of Hong KongHong KongChina

Personalised recommendations