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Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 219–279 | Cite as

Agree and Epp in Bantu

  • Vicki CarstensEmail author
Article

Abstract

C agrees in the φ-features of an operator in its Spec but not one in situ in many Bantu languages. Despite this I argue that a closest c-command based account (Chomsky 2000) is superior to a Spec–head agreement analysis, for two reasons. First, feature-valuation under closest c-command permits a unified treatment of Bantu operator agreement and West Germanic complementizer agreement with subjects. Second, it explains a common requirement that subjects be in situin Bantu A′-movement constructions: a subject raised to Spec, TP would intervene between C’s φ-features and the operator in outer Spec, vP that must value them. Like wh-movement, subject raising always coincides with agreement in Bantu; I propose that Bantu uninterpretable φ-features have EPP features. These are distinct from the classical EPP of T which, I argue, underlies a verbal agreement requirement giving every Bantu inflectional category a specifier. I show that nominative Case-checking is independent of both agreement and EPP in Bantu.

Keywords

Artificial Intelligence Unify Treatment Base Account Common Requirement Verbal Agreement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnglishUniversity of Missouri-ColumbiaColumbiaUSA

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