Natural Computing

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 719–720 | Cite as

Why ‘GSA: a gravitational search algorithm’ is not genuinely based on the law of gravity

  • Melvin Gauci
  • Tony J. Dodd
  • Roderich Groß


This letter highlights a fundamental inconsistency in the formulation of the Gravitational search algorithm (GSA) (Rashedi et al., Inf Sci 2232–48, 2009). GSA is said to be based on the law of gravity, that is, candidate solutions attract each other in the search space based on their relative distances and ‘masses’ (qualities). We show that, contrary to what is claimed, GSA does not take the distances between solutions into account, and therefore cannot be considered to be based on the law of gravity.


Gravitational search algorithm Heuristic search algorithms Law of gravity Natural computing Optimization 



The research work disclosed in this publication was funded by a Strategic Educational Pathways Scholarship (Malta). The scholarship is part-financed by the European Union - European Social Fund (ESF) under Operational Programme II - Cohesion Policy 2007–2013, “Empowering People for More Jobs and a Better Quality of Life”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Automatic Control and Systems EngineeringThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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