Natural Computing

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 473–492 | Cite as

Information processing with structured excitable medium

  • J. Gorecki
  • J. N. Gorecka
  • Y. Igarashi


There are many ways in which a nonlinear chemical medium can be used for information processing. Here we are concerned with an excitable medium and the straightforward method of information coding: a single excitation pulse represents a bit of information and a group of excitations forms a message. Our attention is focused on a specific type of nonhomogeneous medium that has an intentionally introduced geometrical structure of regions characterized by different excitability levels. We show that in information processing applications the geometry plays an equally important role as the dynamics of the medium and allows one to construct devices that perform complex signal processing operations even for a relatively simple kinetics of the reactions involved. In the paper we review a number of published chemical realizations of simple information processing devices like logical gates or memory cells and we show that by combining these devices as building blocks the medium can perform complex operations like for example counting of arriving excitations. We also present a new, simple realizations of chemical signal diode that transmits pulses in one direction only.


Excitability Information processing Oregonator model Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryPolish Academy of ScienceWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Faculty of Mathematics and Natural SciencesCardinal Stefan Wyszynski UniversityWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Institute of PhysicsPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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