, Volume 184, Issue 1, pp 89–96 | Cite as

Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Caused by Exserohilum rostratum and Literature Review

  • Salma Alajmi
  • Rafik Mahmoud Koratum
  • Ziauddin KhanEmail author
  • Suhail Ahmad
  • Ahlam Jeragh
  • Hany Ibrahim
  • Leena Joseph
  • Soumya Varghese
Case Report


A case of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) caused by Exserohilum rostratum, proven by culture and histopathology of the biopsy material, is described. The identity of the isolate was confirmed by sequencing of ITS region of rDNA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of allergic E. rostratum sinusitis from Kuwait and Arabian Peninsula. Ten previously described cases of AFS have been reviewed. The report highlights the emerging importance of E. rostratum as a human pathogen in this region and role of molecular methods in its accurate identification.


Exserohilum rostratum Fungal sinusitis Molecular diagnosis 



Technical support by Sandhya Vayalil and Omar Al-Musallam is thankfully acknowledged.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical Statement

The patient’s informed consent was obtained to publish this report.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salma Alajmi
    • 1
  • Rafik Mahmoud Koratum
    • 2
  • Ziauddin Khan
    • 4
    Email author
  • Suhail Ahmad
    • 4
  • Ahlam Jeragh
    • 1
  • Hany Ibrahim
    • 3
  • Leena Joseph
    • 4
  • Soumya Varghese
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyAl-Adan HospitalHadiyaKuwait
  2. 2.Department of Eye, Nose and ThroatAl-Adan HospitalHadiyaKuwait
  3. 3.Department of PathologyAl-Adan HospitalHadiyaKuwait
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineKuwait UniversitySafatKuwait

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