, Volume 184, Issue 1, pp 187–192 | Cite as

Fusariosis in a Captive South American Sea Lion (Otaria flavescens): A Case Report

  • Laura ReisfeldEmail author
  • Carlos Sacristán
  • Paloma Canedo
  • Bruna Schwarz
  • Ana Carolina Ewbank
  • Fernando Esperón
  • José Luiz Catão-Dias
Short Communication


Superficial mycoses are commonly reported in captive pinnipeds, usually maintained in wet and warm environments, favorable to fungal growth. Most superficial mycoses in pinnipeds have been described as difficult to treat; however, the majority of the reports come from past decades. Cutaneous lesions associated with opportunistic Fusarium sp. infections have been previously recognized in this taxon. We described the clinical signs, associated lesions and diagnosis (thermography, imprint cytology, histopathology, culture, electron microscopy, PCR) of a fusariosis case by Fusarium sp. in the nails and skin of an adult male captive South American sea lion (Otaria flavescens) recently transferred from another zoological institution, and its successful long-term treatment with Ketoconazole PO (60 days) and Miconazole solution spray TO, followed by Itraconazole PO (30 days). Herein we provide a successful approach to the diagnosis and treatment of fusariosis.


Brazil Diagnosis Fusarium sp. Pinniped Sea lion Superficial mycosis 



The authors thank Jorge Oyakawa and Juliana Marigo at the Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo for their technical support, Ricardo Cardoso, the pinniped trainers of the Aquário de São Paulo and Valeria Ruoppolo, DVM, for their expertise.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratório de Patologia Comparada de Animais Selvagens, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e ZootecniaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Aquário de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Grupo de Epidemiología y Sanidad AmbientalCentro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (INIA-CISA)Valdeolmos, MadridSpain

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