, Volume 182, Issue 5–6, pp 471–485 | Cite as

In Vitro Antifungal Susceptibility of Oral Candida Isolates from Patients Suffering from Caries and Chronic Periodontitis

  • Janire De-la-Torre
  • María Esther Ortiz-Samperio
  • Cristina Marcos-Arias
  • Xabier Marichalar-Mendia
  • Elena Eraso
  • María Ángeles Echebarria-Goicouria
  • José Manuel Aguirre-Urizar
  • Guillermo Quindós


Caries and chronic periodontitis are common oral diseases where a higher Candida colonization is reported. Antifungal agents could be adjuvant drugs for the therapy of both clinical conditions. The aim of the current study has been to evaluate the in vitro activities of conventional and new antifungal drugs against oral Candida isolates from patients suffering from caries and/or chronic periodontitis. In vitro activities of amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole, miconazole, nystatin, posaconazole and voriconazole against 126 oral Candida isolates (75 Candida albicans, 18 Candida parapsilosis, 11 Candida dubliniensis, six Candida guilliermondii, five Candida lipolytica, five Candida glabrata, four Candida tropicalis and two Candida krusei) from 61 patients were tested by the CLSI M27-A3 method. Most antifungal drugs were highly active, and resistance was observed in less than 5% of tested isolates. Miconazole was the most active antifungal drug, being more than 98% of isolates susceptible. Fluconazole, itraconazole, and the new triazoles, posaconazole and voriconazole, were also very active. Miconazole, fluconazole and voriconazole have excellent in vitro activities against all Candida isolates and could represent suitable treatment for a hypothetically adjunctive therapy of caries and chronic periodontitis.


Antifungal susceptibility Oral Candida Caries Chronic periodontitis Amphotericin B Nystatin Miconazole Fluconazole Itraconazole Voriconazole Posaconazole 



Cristina Marcos-Arias is recipient of a grant from Fundación ONCE (« Oportunidad al Talento ») and Fondo Social Europeo. Elena Eraso and Guillermo Quindós have received grant support from Consejería de Educación, Universidades e Investigación (GIC15 78-IT-990-16 and GIC12 210-IT-809-13) and Departamento de Industria, Comercio y Turismo (S-PE13UN121) of Gobierno Vasco-Eusko Jaurlaritza, Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (FIS PI11/00203), and UPV/EHU (UFI 11/25). Xabier Marichalar-Mendia, María Ángeles Echebarria-Goicouria, and José Manuel Aguirre-Urizar have received grant support from Consejería de Educación, Universidades e Investigación (GIC12 IT-809-13) of Gobierno Vasco-Eusko Jaurlaritza.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

In the past 5 years, Elena Eraso has received grant support from Astellas Pharma, and Pfizer SLU. Guillermo Quindós has received grant support from Astellas Pharma, Gilead Sciences, Pfizer SLU, Schering Plough and Merck Sharp and Dohme. He has been an advisor/consultant to Merck Sharp and Dohme, and has been paid for talks on behalf of Abbvie, Astellas Pharma, Esteve Hospital, Gilead Sciences, Merck Sharp and Dohme, Pfizer SLU, and Schering Plough. The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript apart from those disclosed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janire De-la-Torre
    • 1
    • 2
  • María Esther Ortiz-Samperio
    • 1
  • Cristina Marcos-Arias
    • 1
  • Xabier Marichalar-Mendia
    • 2
  • Elena Eraso
    • 1
  • María Ángeles Echebarria-Goicouria
    • 2
  • José Manuel Aguirre-Urizar
    • 2
  • Guillermo Quindós
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Micología Médica, Departamento de Inmunología, Microbiología y Parasitología, UFI 11/25, Facultad de Medicina y EnfermeríaUniversidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko UnibertsitateaBilbaoSpain
  2. 2.Unidad de Medicina Bucal, Servicio Clínica Odontológica, Departamento de Estomatología II, UFI 11/25, Facultad de Medicina y EnfermeríaUniversidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko UnibertsitateaBilbaoSpain

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