, Volume 182, Issue 1–2, pp 127–141 | Cite as

New Antifungal Agents and New Formulations Against Dermatophytes

  • Aditya K. GuptaEmail author
  • Kelly A. Foley
  • Sarah G. Versteeg


A variety of oral and topical antifungal agents are available for the treatment of superficial fungal infections caused by dermatophytes. This review builds on the antifungal therapy update published in this journal for the first special issue on Dermatophytosis (Gupta and Cooper 2008;166:353–67). Since 2008, there have not been additions to the oral antifungal armamentarium, with terbinafine, itraconazole, and fluconazole still in widespread use, albeit for generally more severe or recalcitrant infections. Griseofulvin is used in the treatment of tinea capitis. Oral ketoconazole has fallen out of favor in many jurisdictions due to risks of hepatotoxicity. Topical antifungals, applied once or twice daily, are the primary treatment for tinea pedis, tinea corporis/tinea cruris, and mild cases of tinea unguium. Newer topical antifungal agents introduced include the azoles, efinaconazole, luliconazole, and sertaconazole, and the oxaborole, tavaborole. Research is focused on developing formulations of existing topical antifungals that utilize novel delivery systems in order to enhance treatment efficacy and compliance.


Tinea capitis Tinea corporis Tinea cruris Tinea pedis Onychomycosis Topical antifungals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aditya K. Gupta
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kelly A. Foley
    • 2
  • Sarah G. Versteeg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Mediprobe Research Inc.LondonCanada

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