, Volume 173, Issue 5–6, pp 287–293 | Cite as

A Chronological History of the International Conference on Cryptococcus and Cryptococcosis (ICCC), an Invaluable Forum for Growth of the Cryptococcal Research Field and Clinical Practice

  • Kyung J. Kwon-Chung
  • John R. Perfect
  • Stuart M. Levitz


Cryptococcologists meet every 3 years to present their new research data and discuss the current state of cryptococcosis therapy at the International Conference on Cryptococcus and Cryptococcosis (ICCC). The ICCC has served as a unique forum where mycologists could interact and share their research data in a setting exclusively devoted to the study of Cryptococcus and cryptococcosis. This article presents an historical perspective on the ICCC meetings, beginning with the first ICCC that was held in Jerusalem, Israel in 1989. Subsequent ICCC meetings have grown, in terms of attendance and submitted abstracts. The history of the ICCC serves as a testimony to the remarkable progress that has been made in our basic understanding of the molecular biology, biochemistry, ecology, and taxonomy of Cryptococcus as well as the epidemiology, immunology, clinical manifestations, and treatment for cryptococcosis.


History of ICCC 

Copyright information

© U.S. Government 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyung J. Kwon-Chung
    • 1
  • John R. Perfect
    • 2
  • Stuart M. Levitz
    • 3
  1. 1.Molecular Microbiology Section, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious DiseasesNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

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