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Mycopathologia

, 172:307 | Cite as

Otomycosis due to Filamentous Fungi

  • Lidia García-Agudo
  • Pilar Aznar-Marín
  • Fátima Galán-Sánchez
  • Pedro García-Martos
  • Pilar Marín-Casanova
  • Manuel Rodríguez-Iglesias
Article

Abstract

Otomycosis is common throughout the world but barely studied in Spain. Our objective was to determine the microbiological and epidemiological characteristics of this pathology in Cadiz (Spain) between 2005 and 2010. Samples from patients with suspicion of otomycosis underwent a direct microscopic examination and culture on different media for fungi and bacteria. Mycological cultures were incubated at 30°C for at least seven days. Identification of fungi was based on colonial morphology and microscopic examination of fungal structure. From a total of 2,633 samples, microbial growth was present in 1,375 (52.2%) and fungal isolation in 390 (28.4%). We identified 228 yeasts and 184 filamentous fungi (13.4% of positive cultures and 47.2% of otomycosis), associated with yeasts in 22 cases (5.6%). The most frequent species were Aspergillus flavus (42.4%), A. niger (35.9%), A. fumigatus (12.5%), A. candidus (7.1%), A. terreus (1.6%), and Paecilomyces variotii (0.5%). Infection was predominant in men (54.9%) and patients beyond 55 years old (46.8%). The most common clinical symptoms were itching (98.9%), otalgia (59.3%), and hypoacusis (56.0%). Fall season reported the lowest number of cases (20.1%). Incidence of otomycosis and fungi producing otomycosis vary within the distinct geographical areas. In Cadiz, this infection is endemic due to warm temperatures, high humidity, sea bathing, and wind, which contributes to disseminate the conidia. Despite Aspergillus niger has been reported as the main causative agent, A. flavus is predominant in Cadiz. Although infection is usually detected in warm months, we observed a homogeneous occurrence of otomycosis in almost all the seasons.

Keywords

Otomycosis Fungi Yeasts Aspergillus Candida 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidia García-Agudo
    • 1
  • Pilar Aznar-Marín
    • 1
  • Fátima Galán-Sánchez
    • 1
  • Pedro García-Martos
    • 1
  • Pilar Marín-Casanova
    • 1
  • Manuel Rodríguez-Iglesias
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Microbiology LaboratoryPuerta del Mar University HospitalCádizSpain

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