Candida africana differs from the common strains of C. albicans and C. dubliniensis morphologically, physiologically, genetically, and, in particular, clinically. This fungal pathogen is primarily recovered from genital specimens, especially in vaginal specimens. In this investigation, we reexamined 195 vaginal C. albicans isolates for the presence of C. africana and C. dubliniensis by using hyphal wall protein 1 (HWP1) gene polymorphisms. All study isolates were confirmed to be C. albicans, and none were verified as either C. africana or C. dubliniensis. In conclusion, the HWP1 gene polymorphisms offer a useful tool in the discrimination of C. africana, C. albicans, and C. dubliniensis. Further studies may highlight the pathogenesis and importance of this yeast in vulvovaginal candidiasis.
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We offer our sincere thanks to the physicians of Çukurova Maternity and Children’s Hospital for their efforts in the provision of clinical samples. We also thank Aygul Turaç-Biçer and Tuba Yuksel for their kind assistance in the laboratory workup.
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