, Volume 162, Issue 3, pp 215–223

Ochratoxins: A global perspective



Ochratoxins have been overshadowed by better-known mycotoxins, but they are gaining importance. Here we consider ochratoxins in the context of aflatoxins, which are better understood than ochratoxins on many levels. We review recent work on taxonomic distribution, contamination of commodities, biosynthesis, toxicity and regulatory aspects of ochratoxins. We focus on ochratoxins in coffee, since coffee is becoming a key commodity in ochratoxin research and regulation.


Aspergillus coffee food safety mycotoxin ochratoxin Penicillium 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depto. de BiologíaUniversidad de Puerto Rico-Río PiedrasSan JuanUSA
  2. 2.USDA ARS Western Regional Research CenterAlbanyUSA

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