Direction of arrival estimation using adaptive directional time-frequency distributions

  • Nabeel Ali Khan
  • Sadiq Ali
  • Magnus Jansson


Time-frequency distributions (TFDs) allow direction of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms to be used in scenarios when the total number of sources are more than the number of sensors. The performance of such time–frequency (t–f) based DOA estimation algorithms depends on the resolution of the underlying TFD as a higher resolution TFD leads to better separation of sources in the t–f domain. This paper presents a novel DOA estimation algorithm that uses the adaptive directional t–f distribution (ADTFD) for the analysis of close signal components. The ADTFD optimizes the direction of kernel at each point in the t–f domain to obtain a clear t–f representation, which is then exploited for DOA estimation. Moreover, the proposed methodology can also be applied for DOA estimation of sparse signals. Experimental results indicate that the proposed DOA algorithm based on the ADTFD outperforms other fixed and adaptive kernel based DOA algorithms.


High resolution TFDs Instantaneous frequency estimation MUSIC Direction of arrival estimation Adaptive directional Time-frequency distribution 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringFederal Urdu UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Engineering and TechnologyPeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Signal Processing Lab, Department of Electrical EngineeringKTH-Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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