Multibody System Dynamics

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 375–393

# Clamped end conditions and cross section deformation in the finite element absolute nodal coordinate formulation

• Bassam A. Hussein
• David Weed
• Ahmed A. Shabana
Article

## Abstract

In the finite element absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF), the elimination of the relative translations and rotations at a point does not necessarily define a fully clamped joint, particularly in the case of fully parameterized ANCF finite elements that allow for the deformation of the cross section. In this investigation, the formulations and results of two different sets of clamped end conditions that define two different joints are compared. The first joint, called the partially clamped joint, eliminates only the translations and rotations at a point on the cross section. The second joint, called the fully clamped joint, eliminates all the translation, rotation and deformation degrees of freedom at a point on the cross section. The kinematic equations that define the partially and fully clamped joints are developed, and the dynamic equations used in the comparative numerical study presented in this paper are shown. As discussed in this investigation, the fully clamped joint does not allow for the deformation of the cross section at the joint node since the gradient vectors remain orthogonal unit vectors. The partially clamped joint, on the other hand, allows for the deformation of the cross section. Nanson’s formula is used as a measure of the deformation of the cross section in the case of the partially clamped joint. A very flexible pendulum that has a rigid body attached to its free end is used to compare the results of the partially and fully clamped joints. The numerical results obtained using this very flexible pendulum example show that, while the type of joint (partially or fully clamped) does not significantly affect the gross reference motion of the system, there are fundamental differences between the two joints since the partially clamped joint allows for the cross section deformations at the joint node.

## Keywords

Clamped joint Multibody systems Absolute nodal coordinate formulation Finite element analysis Knee joint model

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## Authors and Affiliations

• Bassam A. Hussein
• 1
• David Weed
• 1
• Ahmed A. Shabana
• 1
Email author
1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA