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Multibody System Dynamics

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 383–406 | Cite as

Estimating the angular velocity of a rigid body moving in the plane from tangential and centripetal acceleration measurements

  • Philippe CardouEmail author
  • Jorge Angeles
Article

Abstract

Two methods are available for the estimation of the angular velocity of a rigid body from point-acceleration measurements: (i) the time-integration of the angular acceleration and (ii) the square-rooting of the centripetal acceleration. The inaccuracy of the first method is due mainly to the accumulation of the error on the angular acceleration throughout the time-integration process, which does not prevent that it be used successfully in crash tests with dummies, since these experiments never last more than one second. On the other hand, the error resulting from the second method is stable through time, but becomes inaccurate whenever the rigid body angular velocity approaches zero, which occurs in many applications. In order to take advantage of the complementarity of these two methods, a fusion of their estimates is proposed. To this end, the accelerometer measurements are modeled as exact signals contaminated with bias errors and Gaussian white noise. The relations between the variables at stake are written in the form of a nonlinear state-space system in which the angular velocity and the angular acceleration are state variables. Consequently, a minimum-variance-error estimate of the state vector is obtained by means of extended Kalman filtering. The performance of the proposed estimation method is assessed by means of simulation. Apparently, the resulting estimation method is more robust than the existing accelerometer-only methods and competitive with gyroscope measurements. Moreover, it allows the identification and the compensation of any bias error in the accelerometer measurements, which is a significant advantage over gyroscopes.

Keywords

Camera stabilization Angular velocity Accelerometer Inertial measurement unit Mobile robot Angular acceleration Rigid body motion Kinematics Acceleration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Macdonald Engineering Building, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Intelligent MachinesMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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