Multibody System Dynamics

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 51–66 | Cite as

Modelling Requirements for the Design of Active Stability Control Strategies for a High Speed Bogie

  • Argyrios C. ZolotasEmail author
  • John T. Pearson
  • Roger M. Goodall


The paper presents the findings of a study on active stability control and simulation for a railway bogie vehicle. For control design a plan-view partial railway vehicle model is described. This is a simplified model derived from research experience and appropriate modelling, and a frequency domain analysis illustrates the problems associated with system instability. A multi-body dynamics software, SIMPACK is used to generate a detailed non-linear full vehicle model for simulation and control assessment. Model order reduction methods, both empirically and analytically based, are used to simplify the linear model generated from SIMPACK for further system analysis and control designs based upon the complex model. Comparisons between the simplified plan-view model and the exported reduced-order model are presented.


multibody dynamics railway bogie model reduction stability 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Goodall, R.M. and Kortum, W., ‘Active controls in ground transportation – A review of the state of the art and future potential’, Vehicle System Dynamics 12, 1983, 225–257.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goodall, R.M., ‘Active railway suspensions: Implementation status and technological trends’, Vehicle System Dynamics 28, 1997, 67–117.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goodall, R.M. and Brown, S., ‘Tilt technology still evolving as the cost falls’, Railway Gazette International, August, pp. 521–525, 2001.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zolotas, A.C., Advanced Control Strategies for Tilting Trains, PhD Thesis, Loughborough University (UK), 2002.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goodall, R.M. and Kortum, W., Mechatronic Developments for Railway Vehicles of the Future, Control Engineering Practice, October 2002, pp. 887–898, ISSN 0967 0661.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goodall, R.M., Active Suspension Technology and its Effect upon Vehicle-Track Interaction, Lecture Notes in Applied Mechanics, 6, Karl Popp Werner Schiehlen, Springer, Stuttgart, Germany, 2003, pp. 35–50.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tahara, M., Watanabe, K., Endo, T., Goto, O., Negoro, S. and Koizumi, S., Practical use of an active suspension system for railway vehicles. Int’l Symposium on Speed-up Technology for Railway and Maglev Systems 2003 – STECH’03, JSME 2003.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pearson, J.T., Goodall, R.M., Mei, T.X. and Himmelstein, G., ‘Active Stability Control Strategies for high-speed rail vehicles’, Control Engineering Practice, Elsevier 12(11), 2004, 1381–1391.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pearson, J.T., Goodall, R.M., Mei, T.X., Shuiwen, S., Kossmann, C., Polach, O. and Himmelstein, G., ‘Design and Experimental Implementation of an Active Stability System for a High Speed Bogie’, Proceedings of the 18th IAVSD Symposium, Kanagawa, Japan, 2003.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Antoulas, A.C., Sorensen, D.C. and Gugercin, S., Structured Matrices in Operator Theory, Numerical Analysis, Control, Signal and Image Processing, Contemporary Mathematics, AMS publications, 2001.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Moore, B.C., ‘Principal Component analysis in linear system: controllability, observability and model reduction’, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control AC26, 1981, 1732.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Safonov, M.G., Jonckheere, E.A., Verma, M. and Limebeer, D.J.N., ‘Synthesis of positive real multivariable feedback systems’, Int’l Journal of Control 45(3), 1987, 817–842.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gretzschel, M., Mei, T.X. and Vaculin, O., ‘Simulation of an integrated mechatronic train’, Proceedings of the 17th IAVSD Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Argyrios C. Zolotas
    • 1
    Email author
  • John T. Pearson
    • 1
  • Roger M. Goodall
    • 1
  1. 1.Systems and Control group, Department of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringLoughborough UniversityLoughboroughUK

Personalised recommendations