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Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 329–345 | Cite as

Constitutive modeling of the mechanical behavior of high strength ferritic steels for static and dynamic applications

  • Farid H. AbedEmail author
Article

Abstract

A constitutive relation is presented in this paper to describe the plastic behavior of ferritic steel over a broad range of temperatures and strain rates. The thermo-mechanical behavior of high strength low alloy (HSLA-65) and DH-63 naval structural steels is considered in this study at strains over 40%. The temperatures and strain rates are considered in the range where dynamic strain aging is not effective. The concept of thermal activation analysis as well as the dislocation interaction mechanism is used in developing the flow model for both the isothermal and adiabatic viscoplastic deformation. The flow stresses of the two steels are very sensitive to temperature and strain rate, the yield stresses increase with decreasing temperatures and increasing strain rates. That is, the thermal flow stress is mainly captured by the yield stresses while the hardening stresses are totally pertained to the athermal component of the flow stress. The proposed constitutive model predicts results that compare very well with the measured ones at initial temperature range of 77 K to 1000 K and strain rates between 0.001 s−1 and 8500 s−1 for both steels.

Keywords

Constitutive relations Temperature and strain rate effect High strength ferritic steel (HSS) Plasticity/viscoplasticity 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, B. V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAmerican University of Sharjah (AUS)SharjahUnited Arab Emirates

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