Advertisement

A novel color image LSB steganography using improved 1D chaotic map

  • Chanil PakEmail author
  • Jonggun KimEmail author
  • Kwangil An
  • Changho Kim
  • Kwanghun Kim
  • Cholmyong Pak
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Conventional one-dimensional (1D) chaotic map have a simple structure, which is easy to implement and has a low computational cost, but has a drawback that the range of chaotic behaviors is narrow and the distribution of key sequence is uniform. In order to overcome the drawback, we proposed an improved 1D chaotic system model and evaluate the proposed model through experiments with the logistic map and a sine map. Simulation and performance evaluation shows that the 1D chaotic map improved by the proposed model can overcome the existing defects sufficiently. We also proposed a color image LSB steganography algorithm using the improved 1D chaotic map. Through experiments, we confirmed the accuracy of the proposed color image LSB steganography algorithm. Experimental results proved that the algorithm has a better performance than the previous methods, showing an excellent performance against statistical analysis attacks. We also analyzed the effect of secret data type on the quality of stego image.

Keywords

Chaos Chaotic system LSB Steganography 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to take the opportunity to express my hearted gratitude to all thosewho make a contribution to the completion of my article.

References

  1. 1.
    Akgul A, Kacar S, Aricioglu B (2017) A new two-level data hiding algorithm for high security based on a nonlinear system. Nonlinear Dyn 90(2):1123–1140MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anees A, Siddiqui A M, Ahmed J, Hussain I (2013) A technique for digital steganography using chaotic maps. Nonlinear Dyn 75(4):807–816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aziz M, Tayarani-N MH, Afsar M (2015) A cycling chaos-based cryptic-free algorithm for image steganography. Nonlinear Dyn 80(3):1271–1290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bansal R, Nagpal C K, Gupta S (2017) An efficient hybrid security mechanism based on chaos and improved BPCS. Multimed Tools Appl 77(2):1–37Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bilal M, Imtiaz S, Abdul W, Ghouzali S, Asif S (2014) Chaos based Zero-steganography algorithm. Multimed Tools Appl 72(2):1073–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Doan S (2016) A new data hiding method based on chaos embedded genetic algorithm for color image. Artif Intell Rev 46(1):129–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    El-Loco G A few tools to discover hidden data. http://www.guillermito2.net/stegano/tools/index.html
  8. 8.
    Farschi S M R, Farschi H (2012) A novel chaotic approach for information hiding in image. Nonlinear Dyn 69(4):1525–1539MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Francisco R, González M, Alejandro J, Méndez D, Palacios-Luengas L, López-Hernández J, Vázquez-Medina R (2016) A steganographic method using Bernoulli’s chaotic maps. Comput Electr Eng 54:435–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ghebleh M, Kanso A (2014) A robust chaotic algorithm for digital image steganography. Commun Nonlinear Sci Numer Simul 19(6):1898–1907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hussain M, Wahab A W A, Idris Y I B, Ho A T S, Jung K H (2018) Image steganography in spatial domain: A survey. Signal Process Image Commun 65:46–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kanso A, Own H S (2012) Steganographic algorithm based on a chaotic map. Commun Nonlinear Sci Numer Simul 17(8):3287–3302MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liao X, Wen Q Y, Zhang J (2011) A steganographic method for digital images with four-pixel differencing and modified LSB substitution. J Vis Commun Image Represent 22(1):1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lou D C, Sung C H (2004) A steganographic scheme for secret communications based on the chaos and euler theorem. IEEE Trans Multimedia 6(3):501–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mukherjee S, Sanyal G (2018) A chaos based image steganographic system. Multimed Tools Appl 71(21):27851–27876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pak C, Huang L (2017) A new color image encryption using combination of the 1D chaotic map. Signal Process 138:129–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Roy R, Sarkar A, Changder S (2013) Chaos based edge adaptive image steganography. Procedia Technol 10:138–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sharif A, Mollaeefar M, Nazari M (2017) A novel method for digital image steganography based on a new three-dimensional chaotic map. Multimed Tools Appl 76(6):7849–7867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Subhedar MS, Mankar VH (2014) Current status and key issues in image steganography: A survey. Comput Sci Rev 13-14(C):95–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Walia G S, Makhija S, Singh K, Sharma K (2018) Robust stego-key directed LSB substitution scheme based upon cuckoo search and chaotic map. Optik 170:106–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang Z, Bovik A C (2002) A universal image quality index. IEEE Signal Process Lett 9(3):81–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Westfeld A, Pfitzmann A (1999) Attacks on steganographic systems, International workshop on information hiding. IH1999, 61–76Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yadav G S, Ojha A (2018) Chaotic system-based secret data hiding scheme with high embedding capacity. Comput Electr Eng 69:447–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yousefi Valandar M, Ayubi P, Jafari Barani M (2017) A new transform domain steganography based on modified logistic chaotic map for color images. J Inf Secur Appl 34(2):142–151Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Information CenterKim Chaek University of TechnologyPyongyangDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea
  2. 2.Institute of Information ScienceKim Il Sung UniversityPyongyangDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of InformationKim Hyong Jik UniversityPyongyangDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Engineering MachineUniversity of Mechanical EngineeringPyongyangDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea
  5. 5.Information Science CollegeKim Il Sung UniverityPyongyangDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea

Personalised recommendations